A spider bite gives everyone the shivers. Read on what to do in case of one
Most spiders aren’t dangerous. Many spider fangs are not strong enough to bite through human skin.
The small percentage of spiders that can puncture human skin and deliver venom can cause major health problems.
Signs of a spider bite
You might get bitten by a spider and not be aware of it until much later when you notice the bite. There are signs to look out for to identify a spider bite including the following:
- Pimples parallel to each other, a purple or red color blister
- Skin damage
- Red welts
- Muscle pain
- Pain on the bite site
- Headaches, fever, nausea, chills, breathing difficulty, sweating and anxiety.
Spider bites may affect the skin tissues and therefore take long to heal. Keeping the site of the bite clean is vital to avoid infection.
Bites from non venomous spiders can be treated at home by :
Elevating the bite site will help reduce the swelling, apply an ice pack at intervals of ten minutes. Also clean the bite site with water and antibiotic soap to wash out any bacteria. Applying topical antibiotic to the bite area and taking an over the counter antihistamine under the guidance of a pharmacist will help. If the symptoms are not fading away seek see medical attention.
Types of spiders, effects of their bites and treatment to take
- Black widow
This spider is black with a red hourglass mark on its abdomen. It’s got long spindly legs and bulbous abdomen. It prefers hidden places such as storage boxes, Wood piles, under logs and leaf debris. The black widow inhabits the western and southern areas of North American. The black widow bite feels like pinprick and its fangs leave two puncture marks on your skin.
When bitten by a black widow you will experience headache, muscle cramping, sweating, nausea, vomiting, and increased saliva emission. Other symptoms may include pain and burning at the bite site, restlessness, numbness and high blood pressure.
Medical intervention is necessary. You need to get to an emergency room quickly.
Tarantulas are big and hairy. The can have a leg span of 6 inches they have big visible fangs. They are quite timid and will only bite when absolutely cornered. Though they look menacing their bite is not considered fatal to humans. The bite feels like a bee sting. The bite site will become red and feel warm. Other signs are: itching, rash, breathing difficulty, low blood pressure, and swelling.
You will need to see a doctor if you exhibit these symptoms.
- Brown recluse spider
The brown recluse spider gets its name from its color and habit of hiding away in secluded dark places. It’s got a unique violin shaped mark on is back and long legs. It inhabits Kansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Arkansas.
The initial bite is not painful. It starts to turn red itchy and hurts after eight hours. A red ring similar to a bullseye forms around the bite. If not treated the bite will worsen killing surrounding tissue. It can cause, seizures, jaundice and kidney failure.
There is no anti venom for the brown recluse spider venom. To minimize chances of infection wash the bite site with water and antibiotic soap. See a doctor who will most likely prescribe antibiotics.
If you have noticed any large spiders lurking in your home or yard, it may be wise to call pest controller or exterminate them and reduce chances of spider bites.