Understanding what flies eat is one of the best ways to prevent their infestation. Generally, organic decaying matter attracts flies. Homes and business owners have issues with flies such as fruit flies, house flies and blow/bottle flies.
To know what flies eat is important since it helps remove conditions which are conducive to their infestations. Proper storage and disposal of food, cleaning surfaces where the food is prepared can greatly reduce their populations in your premises. Hygiene is the simple key that will make all the difference
The feeding habits
The adult flies feed and harvest for their larvae on organic decaying matter such as meat, vegetables, animal, human feces and plant secretions. The both sexes of flies also suck nectar from flowers.
Larvae are most likely to hatch during warm weather because that is when the flies are active. Flies are attracted to your home dues to heat and odors.
What do house flies feed on?
House flies can feed on any food and fecal matter from humans and plants. They can be considered to be general feeders. They have sponging mouth parts and therefore eat liquids. It is for this reason that they must liquefy food by regurgitation. The following are some of the substances they get attracted to:
- Animal feces
- Overripe vegetables and fruits
- Sugary substances
What do fruit flies feed on?
These are type of flies that get attracted to liquid sources and fermented food. This is why they are commonly found in food industry and homes. The types of foods they search for include:
- Fruits such as grapes, pineapples, bananas, onions, potatoes, peaches, mustard pickles, etc.
- Liquid like vinegar, wine, beer, and cider
- Sugary substances such as candy
What do blow/bottle flies feed on?
Blow/bottle flies are big flies with metallic green, blue black sheen. They are known to burrow themselves into food from where they develop. They are often the first to arrive immediately an animal dies. They prefer:
- Animal carcasses
- Decaying or fresh meat
What do cluster flies feed on?
They feed on flower nectar and other plant juices. When they are absent, they eat decomposing organic materials.
They lay eggs in moist soil cracks. In their larval stage and they tend to have a parasitic behavior. They are found on body cavities of earthworms which they have feed on.
What do horse flies feed on?
They are a rare type of fly that has mouth parts that can cut and tear. Their bite is very painful. Their jaws are scissor-like and can tear flesh.
The males eat honeydew, flower nectar and plant juices. The female horse flies feeds on blood meal to have enough protein to lay eggs. The females will bite on both humans and cattle to draw blood. Their larvae eat small insects found in the breeding area.
Flies can be annoying, dirty and others can bite. If you are experiencing an infestation in your home, practice high hygiene standard is key in reducing their population.