As you probably know, the vast majority of spiders use their webs to catch insects, which they eat later, although while the bug is still alive. The venom that spiders deliver with their bites is usually just toxic enough to paralyze their prey.
So naturally, if a spider’s venom is powerful enough to just temporarily subdue a mosquito or a housefly, there’s no chance at all the venom will cause any problems for a person.
It may hurt, just like a horsefly bite or even a bee sting, but there’s nothing more to worry about beyond that.
In most cases, there’s nothing more.
Like the wolf, they see very well at night. If you shine a light in their eyes, it will come back green. The wolf spider’s scientific name is Rhabidosa Rabida. Wolf spiders can be found all over the United States, from Florida to Texas and California, as well as northern territories like Ohio and Michigan.
- The wolf spider is an active hunter. This means it does not use webs to catch prey. Instead, they will chase or pounce on their prey.
- They have very powerful jaws. Spider jaws protrude and are called chelicerae – they are used to carry objects and crush prey.
- Wolf spiders are poisonous. Like most spiders, the wolf spiders bite is designed to liquefy the inside of its prey for easier digestion. Their bite hurts like hell, but they are not fatal to humans.
- These spiders can be identified by their eyes. The bottom row is composed of four small eyes of equal size. The top row, or posterior, is curved backward against the middle two eyes which are enlarged in size.
- Wolf spiders are huge. Some species may be anywhere between 1 inch or 1.5 inches (38mm) with an additional leg span of about 4 inches. Hogna helluo and Hogna carolinesis are the likeliest spider species found inside of the home, the latter being the largest. Wolf spiders pass through a series of skin molts on their way to adulthood.
- They live solitary lifestyles. Unless mating, they do not seek interaction.
- Night vision. They have a membrane in their eyes that comes back green when light hits it – it allows them to see at night also.
- Desert species are capable of burrowing. In high temperatures, the spider will burrow underground. The hole is covered with dirt and grass.
- They are hunted by wasps and birds. If stung, the will become paralyzed.
- Chemical receptive hairs on its body for detecting prey. Spiders will use these hairs to detect certain scents and maintain their orientation.
Their lifespan is about 2 years. It is believed that females live longer. Males will use rhythm to attract females.
Courtship is a brilliant display of jumping and drumming with the pedipalps (second inner appendages). They are also diurnal. This means they hunt both day and night, though some desert species prefer to hunt in cooler nightly temperatures.