Termites are pesky little critters that can tear through your belongings quicker than you might think. Early detection and control will surely help mitigate the losses and can also help prevent future infestation. The following are some suggestions to help you detect some types of termites and control them on your own.
When determining if termites are present there are many signs including:
- Sagging of floors or ceilings
- The wood when tapped on sounds hollow
- Discoloring of ceiling
- Crumbling wood of any structure type
- Peeling or bubbling of paint on walls
- Windows or doors become easily jammed
Arizona is commonly encountered with Subterranean Termites, Dry wood Termites, Damp wood Termites, and Formosan Termites. Here are some colony size and characteristics for these pests:
The colony consists of workers, soldiers, queen, and king. The colony typically exists under the soil and will hold 60,000 to 1 million termites. They will build mud tubes or tunnels from the soil upward to where they can feed. These tubes also help keep the termite protected from weather conditions and the sun.
Dry Wood Termites
The colony population is low averaging 4,800 termites; the population includes nymphs, soldiers, queen and king. These termites build their colony within wood structures. They can swarm in spring and summer. They remain active during winter.
Damp Wood Termites
The colony is made up of soldiers, nymphs, queens, and king. They are not typically found with structures, they require damp wood to survive.
This species of termites is on average ten times larger than the subterranean termite colony population size. The soldier Formosan Termites can reach a size of 350,000 to 2 million termites.
More Information About Termites
Termites are active in the winter especially in Arizona with a warm climate. Termites do not go into a state of hibernation during the winter months as some pests do, Termites need to keep their daily routine through each season.
An average termite colony can consume up to 16 grams per day (0.08 mg per termite) or 12.9 pounds in a year.
Termites are less active in the winter and the termites that do not seek shelter in time may not make it through the season of cold temperatures. However, your home is the shelter they seek and becomes a great resource for warmth and food.
Termites will find shelter from the cold in the foundations and walls of your home.
Catching an infestation in the winter would work to the homeowner’s advantage since the swarm season is right around the corner which is the reproductive time for termites.
With the combination of rain and warm weather, spring and summer are typically swarm season.
Seeing termite swarms is a sure sign of termites being present in a surrounding area, finding mud tubes or tunnels are as well. At the rate, termites reproduce an infestation or colony that should be handled immediately to reduce the amount of damage and the size of the population.
Protect your property. Have your home inspected by a certified termite exterminator on a yearly basis. A termite colony is capable of reaching maturity after 2 years.