How to Treat Mosquito Bites
Mosquito bites can lead to bumps, irritation, and itching. There are plenty of home remedies that can effectively help in the treatment of mosquito bites. These include use of ice, aloe vera, and honey. Some effective ways of prevention include covering the exposed skin and use of mosquito repellents.
Mosquitoes can help in transmission of diseases in certain parts of the world. Interestingly the female mosquito is the one responsible for sucking blood and has the potential of transmitting disease. The male mosquito does not fees in plant neither does it spread disease.
The itching caused by a bite is normally caused by the saliva that a mosquito leaves behind.
Here is how to treat mosquito bites:
Studies have shown that some antihistamines can be helpful in treating mosquito bites. Histamine refers to a chemical that the body produces as a part of an inflammatory response following a mosquito bite. This chemical triggers itching, and thus the use of antihistamines can help prevent the effect of histamine from taking place. Antihistamines are available in pill form, while others can be applied topically onto the bites.
The use of concentrated heat pads can be helpful for treating mosquito bites. Use of concentrated heat has been known to help reduce the discomfort caused by insect bites in less than 10 minutes once applied.
Studies have shown that low temperatures prevent the spread of an inflammation. This means you can reduce discomfort, itching and inflammation that occurs on the skin following a mosquito bite. Try not to put the ice directly on your skin as it can burn you. Instead, wrap the ice using a towel cloth before application
Hydrocortisone cream refers to a topical application that helps reduce itching and inflammation. This cream which is available as an over-the-counter or prescription medication may not be suitable for every skin type. Expectant mothers, children, and persons with skin infections should not use this cream unless prescribed by a health professional. The creams should also be used in moderation and only for short periods, or as recommended by your physician.
When to Seek Medical Help
Although mosquito bites improve within a few hours after the bite, the symptoms can last for several days if you have a sensitive skin. The small bite can eventually turn into an itchy sore and broaden in size. It is recommended that one avoids scratching, which can make your skin more vulnerable to bacterial infections.
You can relieve the itch from an infection through:
- Gently washing the area using soap and water
- Use an anti-itch cream or lotion
- Apply an ice pack on the bite
- Use prescribed or an over-the-counter antihistamine
Call your doctor if you experience the following symptoms:
- Shortness of breath
You can easily prevent suffering mosquito bites by staying indoors, wearing of long pants and using insecticides. Draining any stagnant water, and use of screens on windows to keep the mosquitoes out is also recommended. In case the infestation is relentless, getting the help of your local pest exterminator is recommended.