Gnats is a general term used to refer to little flying bugs that in the dipterid suborder Nematocera. They mainly belong to three families namely the Anisopodidae, Mycetophilidae and Sciaridae. Gnats can be biting and non-biting but their classic habit that makes them distinguishable is the fact that they fly in large numbers also known as a cloud. They are also referred to as no-see-ums. There are three typical types of gnats that are source of irritation in the home.
- The fruit fly
- The drain fly
- The fungus fly
Fruit flies love the kitchen where they have access to fruits like bananas, mangoes and pineapples among others. They will congregate where the vegetable and fruits are stored. They have red eyes and yellowish bodies. Drain flies are prone to congregate in areas that are moist and damp like the drainage system. They are typically brownish in color, larger than your ordinary house fly and with fuzzy bodies and wings. Fungus flies or gnats are found around the potted plants in the home and they look sleek an small with a deep black color.
How to kill gnats
Laying a trap is the easiest way to kill off gnats. There are some commercial traps that work effectively but you can make similar traps at home using materials found in your house ranging from dish washing soap to vinegar. Vinegar attracts gnats like the fruit flies because of its fermented smell. To create the trap you can place half a cup of vinegar on the table with a plastic wrap to cover the top of the cup. Make sure to put in some dish washing soap in the vinegar. Then poke holes in the wrap. The flies will find their way into the container in a feeding frenzy but they will be unable to get out dying off inside the container.
Another trap entails placing a very ripe piece of fruit into a jar and make a paper cone which you stick into the jar. The wider part will be up and the narrow part will be in the jar. As the fruit flies enter the jar they will find themselves trapped as the cone has closed off all the exits. The trapped insects will die off in the jar.
Finally, you can just leave a bottle of wine or beer from which the contents were recently poured out open. The narrow neck of the bottle acts as a trap for the insects which can enter but can’t leave. Stale wine and beer attract the flies because of the fermented smell. Add some dishwashing soap to make it harder for the flies to get out.