Just as humans and pets will defend themselves when accosted, so will bugs. All bugs and wildlife have self defense and attack mechanisms. It is prudent to acquire the knowledge on how to avoid stinging and biting critters and recognize them for your own safety. The area you live in or are intending to visit will dictate the creatures you should understand and recognize. Factoring in the season is also important. A lot of insects like honey bees and mosquitoes will be out in swarms in the summer.
Fire ant bites. Fire ants though small are very aggressive. They are venomous and come in black or red colors. Their bite feel like a burn can be very painful when stung by several this bugs at a go.
Bites will have a blister on top with swollen red spots surrounding it. They usually last about a week before they heal and disappear.
Bites from fire ants can have serious medical consequences if the victim is allergic to their venom which can result in breathing difficulties, swelling and itching.
Black widow spider. This spider is unmistakable with the distinguishing red mark of an hour glass on its abdomen. It is shiny, black and plump. It is not aggressive and only bites when it feels threatened.
The bite site has a distinct white centre with red all around it. Bites will result in spasms in the back, legs, stomach and arms. Further symptoms would be vomiting, headache, chills, tremor, nausea, chills and weakness. Immediate medical attention should be sort after.
Mosquito bite. The bite looks like a puffy round bump and appears immediately after being bitten. It will turn red, hard, itchy, and swell.
Brown recluse spider. This spider is brown, with six eyes. It will be found in dark quiet places like cabinets and closets. It is native to North America.
It is worth noting that this spider is not aggressive and will bite a person if it gets squeezed between flesh and hard surfaces. The site of the bite is red with a central white blister. About 7 hours after the bite severe pain and itching develops at the site of the bite. Though rare, complications like vomiting, nausea, kidney failure, and fever could occur.
Scorpion stings. These arachnids have segmented curved tails with a stinger at the tip. They have large pincers and four pairs of legs. They inhabit the whole globe. The sting causes numbness, tingling and intense pain. The area around the sting swells. Though rare, severe symptoms include drooling, increased heart rate, muscle twitching and breathing difficulties.
Horse flies. They are quite big, at 1 inch in length. They suck blood and are very active during the day. When a horsefly bites there is an instant burning feeling. At the bite site, bruising, itching, redness and swelling will occur.
Bee sting. At the location of the sting there will be sharp pain, itching and swelling. There will be a white spot at the point the stinger pierced the skin. A bee will sting only once and die.
Wasp sting. Wasps are aggressive and will sting numerous times. At the sting location there will be a raised welt, redness, burning sensation, swelling, and intense pain.
Knowing that different types of bugs can inflict harm puts you and your family in a position to avoid them. You also know when the situation is untenable and the services if a pest controller will be required.