The chirping of crickets has been long dissected in various cultures as either a good sign or a bad sign. In some cultures it signifies wealth and success to have a cricket chirping in your house but in other cultures it is an ominous sign that means some form of bad luck will befall the household. Unfortunately, some of these are just beliefs that don’t mean much when you have a cricket calling out to its mate in the wee hours of the morning and disrupting your sleep.
Why they chirp
The main chirper is the male cricket which calls out to females in what is supposed to be a melodious tune. The male cricket can have a repertoire of songs that it unleashes to mesmerize the female and the chirping is produced by the male rubbing its legs together. Granted the song can be soothing and even calming on a warm evening or night and it can really bring the feeling of nature to forebear if you are in the outdoors.
There are several things that affect the chirping of a cricket including the temperature outside, time of day and mating season. The higher the temperatures the more the cricket will chirp and the house cricket will produce more sound at night. The field cricket will chirp day and night but their chirp is far lower in chirp compared to the house cricket.
The house cricket
These crickets are dark in color and have three distinct lighter bands running across the head. They typically have very long antennae and larger back legs to facilitate jumping around from one place to another. house crickets love the warmth and moist environments indoors and they will thrive in the kitchen and bathroom mostly because these areas have moist areas.
These crickets can have a length of up to 5 cm and they have a distinct brown color. They also have a strong, long pair of hind legs which are instrumental in helping them move far and fast. The shape of their body which gives the hind quarters a lift has earned them the name camel or spider crickets. They are very specific about their environment and will only find their way into human shelter during the drought or heavy rain to find a warm moist place to reproduce.
Mole crickets are mainly outdoor crickets and they can be a nuisance as they cause damage to grass and turf. They are also nocturnal like the house crickets only they live underground where they continue to hibernate in winter. They measure up to 4cm in length with a thicker body and forelimbs that look overgrown with a spade like shape and claws. These forelimbs are important for burrowing. There are two species of mole crickets: four clawed and two clawed species.