Mice are much smaller and much more common than rats.
Rats are always near water, so coastal areas will see more rats than the average population. Mice are truly everywhere, and they are most common in the winter months.
There are scores of households and companies in the world that have tried everything to remove mice from their homes. But, even they made it, mice always find a way to get back.
Once they enter the house it is very hard to get rid of them because they breed very fast. Also, these rodents are very fast and living in the wall cracks. As a result, the process of removing them can be very exhausting.
People are trying to remove them from the house because they know how dangerous they can be for the health.
Mice are carriers of a bacterium, which causes salmonella, and having them running around the house can be harmful. In addition, mice can carry other parasites like roundworms that can be found in their droppings.
Helpful Tips On Mouse Infestation Control In Your Home
The first step of mouse control is to close all entry points. There is no point to trapping mice if other ones can easily enter.
Once all entry points have been identified and closed you can move on to placing traps with bait. Traps should be placed in areas where the critters frequently pass by. If you have seen mouse droppings in a particular place then chances are mice frequently go through there.
Mice infestations occur in the end of fall because mice start looking for warmth and food inside. As a result, to prevent mouse invasion you would need to sanitize the house and taking care of the cracks and holes that can be used to enter your home.
Mice need food water and shelter to survive so removing all those things from their sight is first thing to do. There are also ways how to mouse-proof your home, the best way is to seal entry points with wire mesh.
Also, domestic animals like cats can be effective in dealing with mice.
It is also important to make all the places where we store food mouse proof.
The food should be kept in food containers to prevent mice to get in touch with it. The material used for patching the holes and building construction that prevents them from entering has to be strong enough so mice won’t be able to chew through it.
Remember that the most important thing you can do to make sure mice aren’t coming in is to keep a clean kitchen. Store all the food so mice can’t get to it and throw out all the scraps.
If there is no source of food for them, your home will not be as appealing to them.
Finally, keep in mind that in some cases you might want to get the advice of a professional mouse exterminator. As trained professionals, they can be much more effective in dealing with an infestation and keep your family our of disturbance.
If you have a mice infestation, then you should know that a house cat can’t get rid of the mice himself.
This is one of the common myths about mice. Mice reproduce very quickly, and a house cat won’t be able to keep up with a rapidly expanding mice population. Your four-legged friend may alert you that you have a problem, but you need more than your feline to get rid of them forever.
Mice infestations don’t start in the kitchen. If you are finding droppings in the kitchen cabinets, this means you already have a bad infestation.
You don’t have to find a mouse in the house to know you have a bad infestation. You don’t want to look for live mice. Mice poop all the time, so you want to look for their droppings. Mice dropping is about the size of a grain of rice.
If you are trying to figure out if you have them, there are three places to look. If you have a garage, look along the walls in the garage first.
You may find droppings along the wall. Mice usually travel along ledges and walls. For this reason, you should check all along the walls in the garage.
They are very common in the garage because the garage door is not sealed well. The rubber that runs along the bottom of a garage door starts to curl up after a few years, and this makes it easy to get a mouse in the house.
Once they get in the garage, they could go anywhere in the house. You don’t want to put holes in your walls, so head up to your attic.
See if there is any activity in the attic area. If you have a pull-down stair that goes up into the attic, you will often find droppings falling out of the door as you pull the door down from the ceiling.
Check the door first, and then check along the rafters and other areas of the attic. Check inside storage boxes and other areas too. There are many areas where they may be hiding.
Squirrel droppings and bat droppings are also common in attics, but mice droppings are the most common pests in the attic.
A mouse in the house is often hanging out in the attic.
Mice are also very common in crawl spaces. Look for droppings on the vapor barrier and other areas. Sometimes you can find mice nests in the insulation in the crawl space.
The best way to exterminate mice is through the use of bait boxes and snap traps. You can also purchase throw bags with mouse bait.
Place these along the walls in the crawl space and the garage. In stand-up attics, I like to place the snap traps along the edge of the floor. Make sure you do not place bait out in the open where other pets and animals can get to it.
The bait needs to be in a protected box or bag so that pets and children can’t get to it. If you want to get rid of a mouse in the house, you should use bait first.
Since many residents are not even entirely sure what a vole is or how much damage they actually do to a homeowner’s property, this species often manages to stay well under the radar as it gradually goes about its business.
These creatures are about six inches long with gray fur and closely resemble a small mouse as far as features go, but that is where the similarities end.
Voles spend a great amount of time underground and they are one of the purest herbivores found within the rodent family.
They love nothing more than to feed on root systems of area trees, but also consume a fair share of bark, vegetables, and plant matter.
This species can occasionally be found living a solidarity lifestyle but often live with several other adults and their young in one location.
This species is also occasionally mistaken for moles because both of them dig small holes into the ground in order to search for food while avoiding contact with predators.
It is also common to spot voles taking advantage of the underground passages that their similarly named distant cousins have dug, and since they are seeking different food sources this is usually acceptable to the moles.
These creatures will not dig just anywhere though, preferring their underground homes within deep grass or another cover.
The greatest threat from voles is their appetite for roots and bark, because both of these components play a large part in how trees receive nutrients. By damaging part of a plant’s supply chain it can often cause irreversible damage, especially in younger trees and plants.
When these pint-sized creatures gnaw on bark, it is usually close to the ground since they are poor climbers, but when the option of climbing is available they will also feed on lower branches.
The chew marks are usually about 1/8th of an inch wide and 3/8th of an inch long, so they are fairly easy to overlook.
Where To Find Voles
To locate this species lair, one of the best places to start is usually in tall grass or around dense shrubbery. Once in that area, the key thing to look for is trampled pathways that indicate their presence, and these can usually be followed in order to locate their actual burrowed out home.
Of course, it is entirely possible that there will be multiple locations to check before actually finding them, and if it is a large population they may reside in different areas stemming from the same pathway.
In order to effectively rid your property of voles, landscaping is one of the premier options.
Eliminate any tall grass and weeds, and then treat the area with an environmentally friendly chemical that will prevent the weeds from returning.
By eliminating their hiding spaces you are essentially doing two jobs at once; making them more likely to seek another home and giving predators such as snakes and birds a better chance of catching them.
Others have found success by placing various traps along their runways, and even without bait, they seem to often get caught if the placement is proper. For large colonies, this may require upwards of fifty traps though, and in that instance, pest control assistance may be necessary.
Where there are people, there will be rats. Rats dwell where humans settle because they have learned through the ages that people can provide them resources – whether they are welcomed or not.
Food and shelter are essential for survival and rats find them for free living in the house with unwilling human owners.
No matter how we keep our homes clean, if there are rodents lurking in the shadows, home is not just that clean anymore. In fact, we have invented some ingenious ways of trapping and getting rid of rats.
Rats are large rodents than their near cousin the little mice.
They grow between 8-16 inches long and about ten ounces in weight. They usually hide in the attic, between the walls, or up the ceiling. They are nocturnal critters that eat almost everything edible to their taste.
Rats can also reproduce fast from six to twelve offspring in less than a month. In just four to five months, these young rats can produce another set of offspring.
Getting rid of rats can also prevent you and your family to catch diseases carried by these large rodents. Diseases like the bubonic plague, leptospirosis, rat-bite fever, and other harmful illnesses are carried by rats and usually are left behind by their saliva, urine, and stool.
They have also caused fire and other accidents due to their mindless gnawing and chewing cables, wires, and other damages to property. If neglected, rats can become the number one annoying pests in your home.
Here are some helpful tips in eliminating rats:
1. Clean up crumbs and keep food safely stored away
You do not want your food to get contaminated with rats’ waste so store them properly. Rats gnaw at food containers so find suitable durable containers to store food. Keep your place free from food crumbs to prevent attracting rats.
2. Block the rat’s possible passageways
Check your place for any holes or passageways that rats can use to get into your house. You can block these entry points with steel wool or caulking for the time being.
Get rid of unnecessary clutter or storage in attics and closets to discourage rats to hide in them.
3. Use suitable methods in getting rid of rats
Observe first by getting a rat trap. But, if they persist, it’s time to call the pest control for rodent removal.
4. Use proper gear in handling dead rats
After killing some rats, expect to have a dead carcass around your house. Locate them immediately and use proper plastic gloves and other protective gear in disposing of dead rats. Their dead bodies can still transmit diseases.
5. Rat repellants
There are electronic rat repellants available. Choose one that is effective and safe to use.
For natural repellants place mint plants in access doors and windows or soak peppermint oil on cotton balls to deter rats. Rats have a strong aversion to the scent of these.
Rats can be put under control with the right methods you do. For severe rat infestation, schedule a consultation with your pest control company.
Mice are relatively small and hairy rodents, that damage household items, eat at food, and carry disease. Mice control can be complicated because mice are small in size and tend to crawl through small cracks and gaps.
Typically, they are prevalent in heavily cluttered areas, such as garages and basements. They are also hard to locate during the day and are most often found at night or when the lights are turned off.
It has been proven that mice are attracted to all types of food. If you have mice in your home, it is important that you do not leave any food out at any time and you should make it a habit to wipe all the surfaces that food has been in contact with.
These little creatures have soft skeletons so without you noticing, they can easily get through even the tiniest of holes. Another preventive measure is by placing bristle strips along the bottoms of the doors.
The good news is that there are several successful ways of getting rid of mice. Prevention is always better than a cure. Preventing mice from invading your home is so much better and much easier than working on a solution to get rid of them.
Preventing Mice Infestation
- For health and hygienic purposes, it would be good to clean under the sofa and fridge as often as you can to ensure that there is no leftover food on the floors that can possibly attract mice.
- Another effective way to repel mice is by using ultrasonic repellers. This device gives out a sound that deters mice from your home.
- Keeping a home clean, organized, and uncluttered is the best way to prevent mice from showing up in your home.
- Properly putting away any food in secure containers and bags is important because it will keep mice from showing up anywhere near food.
- Because mice are very versatile rodents capable of jumping and running up and down walls, be sure to seal any open spaces, vents, cracks or thin openings from the inside and outside of the home. This will ensure mice don’t crawl in from outside or jump from opening to opening.
- Traps are also effective methods for getting rid of mice. Place and hide traps or glue boards where you suspect mice to be around. Placing mice bait near traps will attract mice to the food and the trap, in turn, will capture the mouse.
- If your home is already infested with mice, you can always go for the conventional method of getting rid of mice by using mouse traps. Peanut butter and chocolate are much more effective as bait compared to cheese. You can easily find wooden or live-capture mouse traps at your local DIY store.
For cases wherein you have repeated mice infestation, hiring professional pest controllers would be a good decision to make because they are highly trained and skilled in the area of pest control.
Rats and mice are common pests found in residential homes and business properties all over the world. You can distinguish between rats and mice by how they look: rats are large, typically gray or brown rodents with long tails and small ears while mice are small and typically light brown rodents with dark-colored tails and large ears.
To have effective pest control against rodents, you would be better served by not only knowing what they look like, but also knowing about their behavior – for example, setting rat traps on your kitchen floor may not be as effective against roof rats (who like to set up dwellings in elevated places such as attics) as it would be as effective against the common house mouse.
Typically, rats are more cautious in that they’re very careful when something new is found in their environment, such as a bait trap. They will want to avoid this trap for some time before they get used to it, while mice are more curious and will want to investigate right away when something new is introduced to their environment.
The deer mouse is small, typically only 3 to 4 inches in size not including the tail (their tails can be about as long as their bodies, dark-colored on top and lighter on the underside). They have large, beady eyes and large fur-covered ears. They can vary in color from white to black, but they all have a distinguishable white underbelly and white feet. They’re nocturnal creatures and prefer nests made of plant material, and as such are attracted to homes with plenty of vegetation, but they can also set up their base in piles of rocks or firewood.
Deer mice are one of the main carriers of the hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. You can get this from direct contact with the rodent, their urine, or their droppings. This disease may also spread by breathing in contaminated dust with rodent urine or droppings. They’re also carriers of Lyme disease, rat-bite fever, and salmonellosis.
They typically have small heads, feet, pointed snouts, and large ears with some hair. They have light brown bodies with some gray shading, an off-white underbelly, and a dark tail. House mice depend on people for food and shelter, and as such are quite common in Arizona homes. They only eat about one-tenth of an ounce of food a day, but can produce as many as 50 droppings per day – which means they are a major health hazard for the average Arizona home.
They can transmit salmonella and leptospirosis via their droppings. They’re carriers of lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM), as well as tapeworms, infectious jaundice, and rat-bite fever.
Some signs that you have these pests in your home are droppings, urine odors, gnawed holes (and wires!), if you hear scampering noises, and even if your pet exhibits unusual behavior. If you suspect that your home has been invaded by these pests, get in touch with a pest exterminator right away.
About 40% of all mammal species are rodents, making them the largest order of mammals. These include rats, mice, hamsters, squirrels, porcupines, and their relatives.
Of these, only a handful of rats and mice are a nuisance to people, and we’ll be discussing the ones that may find themselves in our homes.
These rats are called pack rats because of their characteristic accumulation of food and various debris, which they keep stocked in their dens (or near their den area). Such collections may include edible plants, small pebbles, sticks, feces, insect and vertebrate remains, shiny metal objects, and other small items taken from humans.
Also known as woodrats, they have large eyes, protruding ears that are almost bald, and white-colored feet. They have long, thick and soft fur that can range in color from gray to reddish brown (and white to rust-colored on their underparts). Some populations of desert woodratsare black in color. Often confused with Norway rats, they have tails that are covered in fur.
They’re nocturnal and generally solitary. Bushy-tailed woodrats are vegetarians and prefer green vegetation such as leaves, needles and shoots, while Mexican woodrats eat fruits, seeds, nuts, and mushrooms. Some species also eat animal matter and small insects.
If they’re inside your home, they can damage electrical wiring, wall insulation, and pipes. They make off with small objects such as jewelry (remember, they like shiny metal objects), and they bring these items to their dens, which are lined with urine and feces. They’ve also been known to rip out padding from cushions and pillows to use as lining in their nests.
Pack rats carry diseases including the plague, and their dens and droppings are also a health hazard.
Also known as black rats, roof rats have black or dark brown colored fur with a lighter underside. They have long, hairless tails that measure longer than its entire body. They’re called roof rats because of their tendency to nest in the upper levels of the home such as attics, and they’re excellent climbers. Out in nature, they tend to nest in trees, and may find themselves in your home by walking along tree limbs that connect to your house.
They’re omnivores and have a wide range of food they can eat from seeds, fruits, fungi to a variety of invertebrates and vertebrates. They’ll also eat any food provided for cats and dogs, and food provided for some farm animals such as cows and chickens. They’re known to keep food in small caches to be consumed at a later time.
They carry and spread diseases such as leptospirosis and typhus, and their feces and urine also pose a health hazard. Roof rats are skittish and will avoid anything new introduced in the area, so it may be a while before they venture out to a trap or bait you’ve set up.
If you find either rodent in your house, get in touch with a pest control exterminator to have them removed.
The term “rat” is commonly used to refer to any rodent when, in fact, rodents are a superfamily that includes many different relatives. Inside this, there are rats and mice, known as the Muroidea family. These creatures share many characteristics but also many differences in their physical appearance and behavior.
Those of the Rattus genus, the most well known being the roof rat and the Norway rat, are considered direct relatives and “true rats”; whereas the pack rat, is not actually a rat! Arizona is home to many of these rodents and, as they have become a plague, you may want to check out how to identify them.
The Rattus rattus Linnaeus, commonly known as “Roof rat” is the smallest of them all. The complexion of this animal is tiny, though it has a long tail. As they come from rain forests of Southeast Asia, they are good for climbing different surfaces, like wires. They do not like the cold, so Arizona is a nice warm place for them to live. If you find rat excrement and noises in the roof, your house may be infested with these rodents. Roof rats dig through wood, insulation, and pipes; dense vegetation also attracts them. As they can swim, roof rats sometimes use sewage lines to move to other places. They are usually found in desert city areas in Arizona like Phoenix, Yuma and Tucson.
Norway rats, close relatives of the roof rats and also known as “old world rats” or “brown rats” are less common than roof rats, but still a threat. They differ in color, as the Norway rat is brown or reddish, and the roof rat is black. While roof rats prefer living in high places, such as roofs, attics, and trees, their Norway relatives would rather stay in the ground; they build their dens alongside rivers and streams, underneath buildings or in garbage dumps. They are also a common pest in farms, as they settle in barns, kennels, and silos.
Pack rats, on the other hand, are not considered true rats as they belong to the Neotoma genus, they are a different species. There are over 20 species of pack rats, from the Arctic to Central America. The species found in Arizona is the White Throat Wood Rat, also known as “woodrat” and “new world rat”. They usually build dens with vegetation and wood, and they hoard bits and pieces as protection, such as leaves, chewed plastic and paper, and any object they can find.
Certainly, it is important to identify these plagues in order to keep them at bay. Originally from Europe and Southeast Asia, rats were introduced in the USA by trading ships in the 17th century, and they rapidly spread across the country. Roof rats, Norway rats, and Pack rats prefer the hot and sunny Arizona as their living space. Make sure you take all the sanitary measures to keep these rodents out of your property.
Rodents: How They Invade and Attack
What would you do if you saw a rat crawling around the kitchen of your favorite restaurant? Disgusted, right?
What you probably don’t know is that many houses (especially older ones) are home to rodents without their owner even knowing. Whether these pests are hiding in your basement, attic, pantry, or even inside of your walls, the first step to solving your rodent problem is by knowing how these creatures get in, and the damage that you’ll see if they are living in your residence.
One of the downsides of buying an older house is all the cracks and holes that are found along the foundation of the building and the small gaps in the windows and ceilings. Although they may look small, pests like mice are prone to get in. Often, rodents enter during the fall or winter time when food is becoming more scarce in their natural environments and the temperature is plummeting. Once they enter, they proliferate exponentially to host a huge population in just a matter of weeks.
The best way to prevent this unwanted invasion is by keeping track of all the openings in your house and filling cracks and gaps with metal or concrete that will block these rodents from entering in the first place. In the meanwhile, store all your food in airtight containers so that they don’t attract these creatures. A few simple steps can stop many problems before they even start.
Once a rodent gets into your home, the damage that it can cause can be enormous. The first thing that you would probably notice would be the mouse droppings, little black pieces that look almost like raisins. If you do find any, get some gloves and antiseptic spray to dispose of them and call pest control right away. Odd noises is another clue that rats are scurrying around in the walls and floorboards. However, the worst part of a rodent is it’s teeth. Rodents will gnaw on almost anything. Apart from having strange scratches and nicks all over your household belongings, rats can also chew on electric wires to cause a fire or other hazardous materials.
It’s really important to know the signs of a rodent invasion before your whole house becomes a mess of droppings and chewed belongings. Most of the time, mousetraps and rat poison aren’t enough. Don’t delay to call rodent experts like us to take care of these critters before they infest your house.