A bite from a centipede doesn’t involve the arthropod using its mouthparts to inflict the bite. It usually means the centipede has utilized its clawed point legs situated at the front of its body to puncture your skin. All centipedes bite.
The caliber of venom depends on the size and species of the centipede. The smaller centipedes do not have too much venom to inject into your system so their bites are probably not as painful. But a large enough centipede can release venom into the bite that will cause excruciating pain for a couple of hours and even days.
When the centipede traps your skin between its claws it reflexively squeezes the muscles around the claw which also contain the poison gland. Once the gland is squeezed it releases the toxic venom into the claws ducts and straight into your skin. The modified pair of legs that appear claw like are known as maxillipeds so the bigger they are the more capable they are to piece skin.
The venom produced by centipedes is not fatal to human beings regardless of how large the centipede is. However, the bite is fatal to other insects to which a centipede is a predator. The worst symptoms experienced from a centipede bite include nausea, vomiting and fever.
A centipede’s bite produces a variety of toxins that include serotonin, histamine, and a cardio-depressant known as toxin-S. These will respond to anti-histamines and hydrocortisone creams to soothe the pain, swelling and the localized irritation. Centipede venom can also cause anaphylactic episodes much like the bee and wasp stings.
Where do you find centipede
Centipedes are outdoor creatures although there are some species that can be found indoors. The outdoor species can be found under rocks, tree barks, mulch, stones and other areas that are damp. When these areas are near the house the centipedes will find their way indoors increasing the chances of a bite.
In addition, centipedes being the predators that they are feed on cockroaches and spiders which lure them inside. They are also attracted to the warmth and safe nooks and crannies within the floor boards and drains. Centipede move fast and they can cover 16 inches per second so once they bite you they will run away as fast as they can.
Effective treatment for centipede bites
Once you have bitten you should clean the bitten area with water and soap immediately. Make sure to wash the wound at least twice to get rid of the venom. An anaphylactic shock episode typically occurs after a few minutes of the bite so if you start to notice symptoms put pressure on the bite and head to the emergency room of the nearest hospital.
To continue with the first aid place a hot compress on the bite site to reduce the pain and swelling. You can alternate between a hot and cold compress. Take some over the counter pain medication to alleviate the pain. We recommended using any other medication at the doctor’s direction.
The black carpenter ant is one of the common pests that invade our homes apart from mice, roaches and other insects. These ants usually invade the house in droves and are considered to be harmful to the wood of the house.
But, how do you know for sure that they have infested your place? It’s easy. When you see an ant or two, there is no reason to panic.
The problem occurs only when a colony of ants makes your home as their dwelling.
Homeowners can look for the following indications to find out if their house is infested by carpenter ants or not:
Worldwide, there are over 900 species of carpenter ants. These ants are long-legged, fast-moving ants that are capable of inflicting a painful bite. They are among the largest of ants and do invade homes to forage for food and build nests.
Carpenter ants are large reddish-brown to black ants from 1/4 to 1/2 inch in length. Their abdomen pedicel consists of one segment. The black carpenter ant, most common in the northeastern states is a dull black color and has yellow hair covering its abdomen.
The red carpenter, most common in the gulf coast states, has a red head and thorax with a black abdomen.
Ants develop from an egg to larva and pupa, to an adult worker or reproductive. They make new nests by sending out winged reproductives that mate and start a new colony.
The mating flights take place in spring and depends on temperature and other environmental conditions. Winged reproductives fly at night during the rainy season.
Following the flight, the queen drops to the ground and begins searching for a suitable nest site. Nests are often constructed under loose tree bark and in wood that is on the ground.
When a suitable nest is found the queen lays eggs, which will mature into adult ants within 50 to 70 days. A carpenter ant colony can reach several thousand workers.
Feeding And Foraging Habits
Ants forage at night, from just before sunset to two hours after sunset. They have loose, not very well defined trails. The ants are found feeding on sweets such as honeydew on shrubbery, and nectar from flowers. These ants will also eat live and dead insects when young ants are being reared in the colonies nest.
How To Get Rid of Carpenter Ants
Direct treatment or removal of the nest is recommended. However, finding the nest site can be very difficult. Sealing gaps in your house’s exterior, removing tree stumps, woodpiles and chemical treatment will provide effective control of your ant problems.
To find a nest inside your house, follow foraging ants in the evening hours as these ants will lead to the nest.
When the nest is found, treat it with a labeled insecticide for carpenter ants. Insect baits are also available and should be placed according to the product label, where they are foraging for food.
With the combination of a bait application, nest removal or chemical treatment and excluding openings outside your house, you will be able get rid of carpenter ants like a professional.
One of the largest ants marching in homes that are commonly found in the United States is the carpenter ant.
They are well known for invading and infesting homes and if they are not discovered early, they may cause expensive damage to the building structure.
Although there are many different species around, the two most commonly found in the country are the black carpenter ants and Florida carpenter ants.
Carpenter ants can eat a wide source ranges of food, depending on the location and places where they nest. When indoors, they can feed on most sweets, meats, and other foods rich in sugar and protein.
And, when they are in an outdoors environment, they will eat living and dead insects. One important point to note is that although carpenter ant damage wood, they don’t eat wood.
Carpenter ants prefer to build their nest in the moist wood environment. Indoors, they are likely to nest in decayed wood, bathroom tiles, tubs, walls, behind siding, in the attic, insulation, sink, attic beams, showers, and dishwashers or hollow spaces such as wall voids, curtain rods, and doors.
Outdoors, they will found rotting trees, tree roots, tree stumps and logs buried or lying on the ground as the best places.
There might be serious damage in the building structure if carpenter ants invade as they will tunnel through the wood and create galleries.
Don’t wait for the carpenter ants to invade your home before you take action.
Prevention is always the best way. To effective prevent carpenter ants from invading your home, regular visual inspections is necessary and to enforce that, you will need to have a list of steps and plans. Check out some of these action plans:
1. Reduce or remove any possible ‘doorways’ for carpenter ants to enter your house. If any trees touch your house roofing or siding, trim it so that there is no direct contact between them.
2. Focus on all openings where pipes, wires or anything that connect and enter the house. Make sure that they are tightly sealed. Repair any plumbing or outdoor water taps leak as well as check out roof edges, attics, door, window frames.
3. Don’t delay the repairing of any cracks to the foundations as somehow, these insects are able to found it faster than we do.
4. If you need to bring the firewood into your home, examine them and make sure that they are carpenter ants risk-free. Never store firewood on the ground or stack against the sides of the home. Stack them up off the ground with non-organic material.
5. The nature of carpenter ants is that they are very attracted to moist, soft or rotting wood. So, regular checking of your house surroundings is necessary. Remove any moist, soft or rotting wood, log stumps, and waste wood will greatly help to minimize the risk factor.
A common complaint that pest control companies receive from customers is about moths in the kitchen.
The moth most often responsible for this type of complaint is a pantry pest called the Indian Meal Moth. This moth is a stored product pest that is picked up from food material that is brought into the home, typically from a grocery or organic food store.
There are characteristic signs of an Indian Meal Moth infestation. The most common complaint heard is that there are adult moths flying around the kitchen.
The adults are about ½” long and have pale gray wings with a copper to rusty color shine. The adults are a sure sign that there is a problem, but upon further inspection of the cabinetry and areas where the wall meets the ceiling, a cotton tube-like mass will be found.
This mass is the pupal stage and it’s one of the reasons the problem continues. The Indian Meal Moth has 4 life stages of life, they are egg, larva, pupa, and adult.
Of the 4 stages, 3 will be visible during an inspection of the infested areas and food materials.
As stated earlier, this pest was brought into the home with some type of food material. The most common materials are grains, pasta, birdseed, dry dog food or some other similar type of product.
The key to stopping the problem is to find the infested food source. This, unfortunately, will take some doing and often can get expensive as most people will throw all of the food in their cabinets away.
This practice is neither recommended or necessary as rarely will all of the food be affected. Focus on finding the items which have been affected, the other items can stay. All canned goods are safe and need not be inspected.
In order to inspect your food storage for Indian Meal Moths, you must inspect each individual package of dry food for the presence of larva (a yellowish worm) or the aforementioned cotton pupa mass.
If a product is infested it will be obvious upon inspection if you have found the culprit. By throwing the infested food material(s) out you have effectively interrupted the life cycle.
After the infested food material is gone, you must catch or kill the adults and remove all the pupa stages before they are able to pupate into reproductive adults.
Failure to do this will allow the insect to repopulate your home. The adults are easily caught by using sex scented sticky pheromone traps available at most home improvement stores.
The pupa stages are best scraped and cleaned from the areas they are sticking to. A crack and crevice application of a pesticide to the cabinet interior corners and cracks may help to prevent re-infestation, but sanitation is the best method of control for this pest.
In some circumstances, a problem may continue even after all the preceding steps have been taken.
In this situation, it is best to contract with a pest management professional who can help identify areas and items that may have been missed.
It’s possible that an unforeseen harborage area in a wall void or under a cabinet may be the source of a continued problem.
The house fly and ant are probably the two insects that never seem to have diminishing populations. You are likely to see them everywhere you go. Haven’t you always wondered how long a housefly lives and whether it has an interesting life before a fly swatter dispatches it to the afterlife?Or whether they die of natural causes? So to help us answer that question, we have mapped out the natural life cycle of the housefly.
Where does the life of a house fly begin?
To know the end, we must start at the very beginning. A female house has the ability to lay more than 150 eggs at a go. The eggs look like single grains of rice. Over the course of several days she will lay from five to six batches of eggs. The preferred egg laying sites by female houseflies are dark, smelly surfaces such as manure, compost and other decomposing organic material.
The egg mark the beginning of life for a housefly. Amazingly after the eggs have been laid, the gestation period of the eggs is a mere 24 hours after which they will hatch into legless maggots. The hatched eggs will then feed from the same laying site for a period of 4 to 5 days within which they molt several times. This feeding serves to stock on protein in preparation for the coming metamorphosis. They then seek a dark place to pupate.
The pupal stage will then take 3 to six days after which, lo and behold! a full grown fly will emerge with fully formed wings, legs and body. The pupal stage of a fly is often compared tothe butterfly’s cocoon stage. The brown hard shell serves to protect the inactive maggot as it metamorphoses into a fully formed housefly.
What is astonishing is the fact, within days of emerging from the pupalstage, the female houseflies are able to reproduce. They can lay up to a thousand eggs in their short life time. And then the cycle begins all over again. I guess that in a sense explains why there is never a shortage of house flies at any given time.
With that life cycle in mind, the life span of a housefly is somewhere in the range of 15-30 days depending on conditions such as temperatures and weather. Out in the wild, houseflies are more susceptible to danger and harsh conditions such as unforgiving heat and extreme cold, both of which can limit their lifespan. Incontrolled environments such as a laboratory, house flies can live much longer.
Although the housefly is short-lived, it is capable of horrendous trouble within the short time that it is alive. Houseflies are known carriers of pathogens and diseases such as cholera and tuberculosis. They carry germs on both their mouths and feet. If you notice an infestation in your area, its best to find some experts on houseflies and pest to help get rid of them completely.
Signs of termite infestation is something that we do not want in our homes.
Despite our reluctance, we can’t be so sure about preventing termite damage since termites do not choose which homes to attack; therefore, making all of us at risk for grave property damage.
It is truly not pleasurable to have termites at your home and with them causing a lot of damage; this can be a great misfortune to anyone.
The best way to protect your property from serious termite damage is to have good knowledge about termites and to be able to determine their presence.
In fact, the reason why termites can cause multibillion-dollar damages is that they are difficult to determine. With large numbers of termites in a colony, these termites can already cause damage just in a short period of time.
These termites can affect any home and they are not choosy as long as the home has wood structures in it.
How To Know Signs Of Termites
The main problem why termites cause severe damages is because homeowners are not informed and they do not know that termites are already infesting their houses and causing damage.
Even in a small period of infestation, termites can already cause problems and damages at homes.
Termite damages are not easily seen and unfortunately, they are always found out very late wherein the damage is already severe. If you already have some knowledge about the early warning signs of termites, then you will be able to protect your house from major termite damage.
You need to know the signs that will alarm you that termites are already present in your home and you need to do something about it immediately before it can cause more problems.
Generally, not all of the termite damage is visible because termites would normally eat inside out. Because of this, it will take some time before you can detect the problems brought about by these termites.
You also need to be very careful when doing your inspection because these termites actually live on wood and that would include the walls of your house, your flooring, and your wooden furniture.
There are also different kinds of termites that can infest your home so you also need to know about these different termites.
You need to carefully check on for the presence of mud holes or the presence of mud and dirt woods inside your home.
This can be an indicator of the presence of termites and you need to do more inspection to find out more evidence of presence of termites in your house.
When you want to detect the presence of termites, you have to check on the areas where termites are more likely getting their food source.
Check your garden and look for tree stumps and mud holes. This can be an indicator of termites. You should be keen on identifying termites before it’s too late.
Drywood termites, really do not need to return to the ground for moisture.
There is enough moisture content in the wood that they are infesting to keep them happy. Subterranean Termites, on the other hand, need to return to the ground on a regular basis to get the moisture that they require.
While they may invade a structure such as a house, they are always coming from the ground up. As homeowners, this gives us an advantage in controlling them. We can treat the foundation of homes and businesses to catch them coming from or going back into the ground.
In general, the drywood type of termites lives in wood that does not have a lot of moisture.
Unlike damp wood termites, these termites will not harbor in decayed wood. Aside from that, this termite also does not need soil contact just to live, as compared to subterranean termites that are mainly found in soil.
Because of that, the drywood classification of termites can actually cause more damage as it can damage movable objects that are made of wood, such as furniture.
Typically, a male and female termite would start their own colony as soon as they pair and they find a perfect location for their nest.
When we say perfect location, this would actually refer to the wood that has no moisture but can be a good source of food. The queen, who is the founder of the colony, would then begin laying thousands to millions of eggs and let the colony grow.
When the eggs hatch, nymphs will primarily comprise the colony. Reproductive and soldier termites would then be developed from these nymphs.
Just like subterranean termites, the drywood classification does not have a worker caste in their colony.
Even though the drywood classification of termites prefers wood with less moisture, it can possibly attack any kind of wood products.
However, it is easy to identify if the wood is attacked by a drywood type of termite because the damage that it can cause is very different as compared to other types of termites.
These termites would generally cut across the grain of the wood and excavate large chambers that are connected by small tunnels.
Wooden structures in buildings, furniture, and other wooden objects can be attacked by the drywood type of termite.
Although it can generally cause serious damage to structures, it is less injurious as compared to subterranean termites because of the fact that the drywood kinds of termites are not as widespread as the subterranean classification.
When it comes to treating your property for drywood classification of termites, you have two options to eliminate these pests and stop them from destroying your hard-earned home.
You can do wood treatment and structural fumigation. If there is a limited infestation or if the infestation is only localized, you can consider spot wood treatment.
On the other hand, if the infestation is already extensive and widespread, then the best solution for you to employ would be structural fumigation through the use of chemicals which can drive away from the drywood termites.
For most people, bed bug bites are the first indication of a bed bug problem.
Bedbugs normally bite you while you are sleeping. They get to your blood by piercing the skin and injecting a salivary fluid that causes your blood to flow easier (an anticoagulant) and also anesthetizes your skin, so you won’t feel the sting, immediately wake up, and crush the little pest.
It is that saliva (or rather, the proteins in the saliva) that causes an allergic reaction in most people.
The reaction causes redness, swelling, inflammation, and most of all, itchiness around the area of each bite. The redness looks different on different people, and they can even vary in appearance depending on the location of the bite on your body. It might look like a mosquito bite, or a large red welt, or something in-between.
Some people have reported that the bites have a white mark or depression in the center, though that is not always the case. Over time, the shape and the color of the bite/s will change.
Reactions to the bites may be delayed. In fact, in some cases, it can be a day or more before the welts appear. Once they appear, the welts shrink down to red spots, but those spots can last for days.
Bed bug bites are often in a little row, sometimes three or more, one right after another.
It is estimated that 20-30% of people do not have a reaction to bed bug bites.
For most people, though, bed bug bites itch. And it can be awful – they can itch so much that it becomes painful. There are bed bug sufferers whose reaction to the bites grew worse and worse over time as they became more sensitive to them.
That’s just another reason not to mess around with bed bugs. If you think you have them, you have to deal with the problem now, before your own body joins the fight against you.
Here is the one good thing about bed bug bites: they have not been implicated in the spread of disease.
For some, that is a comforting thought. No matter how bad the bites get, and even though they might drive you crazy, there is no evidence that you can get anything really nasty from a bed bug bite.
If you are one of the unlucky majority that is allergic to bed bug bites, here is how you deal with them:
- Don’t scratch. They itch so bad, but scratching will make it worse. The more the bites are scratched, the more they itch. Also, when you scratch, you run the risk of opening the welt and causing bleeding.
Some victims have reported that the blood from a scratched welt seems to flow more freely than normal, perhaps a result of residual traces of anticoagulant. And, scratching a bite until it bleeds can lead to infection. So resist the temptation.
- Wash the area with warm, soapy water.
Apply an anti-itch or anti-inflammatory medication, such as Benadryl or Hydrocortisone. It won’t make the bites go away, but it will reduce the symptoms.
Everyone wants to know the best way to kill mice.
Mice are one of the major problems for most of people. Other than that, mice spread diseases so it is very important to exterminate them before they could cause us unnecessary harm.
First of all, we will take a look at the accessories that can be used to exterminate mice from our homes.
- Conventional Snap Trap
These traps have been used for years and it is effective for killing mice. All we need to do is bait the mice trap with sticky foods and once the mice are trapped inside, it will be killed instantly with a very heavy steel bar connected within the trap. This option is one of the easiest ways to kill mice. However, if there are small kids in the house, it is advised not to use these traps, because the steel spring and heavy steel bar could really injure anyone if they are not careful.
- Glue Traps
Glue traps can be considered as one of the humane traps because this trap does not kill the mice, but traps the mice with the sticky glue. So you can either dispose of the mice, or you can end the life of the mice. It is much safer when you compare it to the conventional Snap Trap, because it is not as dangerous, however, better keep the trapping glue away from children because it is poisonous.
- Live Trap
This trap is also one of the best traps because it does not kill the mice like the above-mentioned trap. This trap just traps the mice, by putting some bait in it. And this trap should be checked every day whether the mice have been caught or not. If you wish not to kill the mice and want to set him free, do not release him in the woods behind your house, because it has 200 yards sense, and it will back to your generous house shortly. So make sure you leave the mice very far from your residence.
- Electronic Mouse Trap
This is set up all around the house or premise which will give a terrifying electric shock to the mice and kill them just within a few seconds. Actually, the electric shock activates when the mice steps on the internal plate, and when the mice complete the circuit, he will get shocked and die. Electronic mouse traps are very expensive but it is one of the good options if you really hate mice and want to make them die.
- Ultra Sound Pest Control
This device uses sonic sound waves which affect the rodent family. The sound waves are on the level that only the rodents can hear. But be aware, do not use them if you have a guinea pig or hamsters in the house, because it will cause these critters some suffering as well. They are in the rodent family. However, this sound will never affect we human beings. This equipment rather expensive, but some parties claim that this is not a very effective way to rid your home of mice.
To prevent further damage in your home, call your local pest control company for the safest, best way to kill mice.
Bedbug bites and infestations have become more common over the last few years.
Many people are waking up with itchy, scratchy bedbug bites from bedbug infestations in their mattresses. Aside from being a health hazard, this can really make people feel uncomfortable with the most intimate location in their home: their bed.
Bedbugs were almost non-existent until their reemergence a few years ago. International travel is said to be the biggest reason for recent exploding populations. It is also believed that the latest Bedbug sprays on the market, that most people have access to, are nowhere near as effective as they used to be.
- Bedbug bites
From the naked eye, bedbug bites look like a regular bug bite. And for the most part, they are. But unlike most bites, Bedbug bites usually have a sequential pattern and may not be noticed for days.
- Other Signs/Symptoms
Other than welts, and itching there are numerous other signs to look for: Visual, blood spots on bedding and fecal matter in cracks and crevices on mattresses and other hiding locations such as corners, bed frames, baseboards, etc.
- Hiding locations
Bedbugs usually only come out at night, and are very small. So some investigative work is sometimes necessary. Looking into the folds of mattresses, bed boards and bed frames is a good start. But these little fellows can be found in numerous locations such as baseboards, electrical outlets, dressers, and behind pictures, just to name a few.
- Clean up all clutter
Bedbugs can hide in very small places. So it’s imperative to remove as many obstacles as possible. Piles of clothes, magazines, boxes, etc, need to be removed before you begin the process.
Vacuuming is a must to remove as many Bedbugs as possible. Check and clean the seams of mattresses, crack and crevices, carpet, baseboards, behind pictures, dressers, drawers, bed frames, etc. Bedbugs are very small, so vacuuming everywhere is a must.
The hotter, the better. Extreme heat is the key here. Wash all cloths and linens with detergent with as hot of water as possible. This should kill any Bedbugs that may be hiding.
After you inspect your mattress, and you see no evidence of Bedbugs, get some kind of monitoring device such as a glue board and stick it under your bed or dresser. If it’s established that indeed you have Bedbugs, go ahead with treatment. Residual and contact insecticides can be used. Be sure to read the label first to see if it’s labeled for Bedbug treatment.
- Preventive maintenance
Loose or damaged carpet, baseboards, wallpaper, wallboards, electrical outlets, and light fixtures are ideal hiding places for Bedbugs. Fix these problems immediately. Caulking, nailing, and tightening are usually all that is needed. Your local home improvement store will have anything you need.
Depending on the extent of the damage (blood stains), your mattress will need to be replaced. At a minimum, the mattress will need to be treated with a contact insecticide if Bedbugs are present, and or, put in a location where temperatures will exceed 100 F for at least 8-10 hours. If the mattress is torn, you’ll need to replace it.