Also commonly referred to as bark flies, book lice are every book collector’s nightmare. They love their books (pun intended) and will feast on your collection of older books if you leave your books unattended and in a damp environment. Book lice are amongst the oldest surviving types of insects having been around for millions of years, over 200 million years to be precise. These insects are scientifically known as psocoptera and are usually known as the most primitive form of hemipteroids. Other types of hemipteroids include cicadas, aphids, shield bugs and leafhoppers.
Anatomy of book lice
Book lice look like miniature termites but they have a distinctly long antennae filament and a prominent head. Right behind the head they have a constriction that better distinguishes them from termites and they also feature well developed eyes. The adults are winged and they can grow up to 2mm. They are found in book, wall paper paste and some species even feed on stored grains. The Liposcelis decolor are fond of grains making them an annoying pest in your grain stores. The species that feeds on wall paper paste and book binding is very common in a new house because they can find the microscopic mould that grows in damp areas that haven’t dried yet in a new house.
Six ways to get rid of book lice
The good news when it comes book lice is that they are not parasitic in nature but they can be extremely destructive to books. If you have valuable books that you want to protect at all costs here are six ways to get rid of book lice.
Clean the house
Cleaning the house and getting rid of the mold is key to eliminating your psocid problem. Cleaning with agents like Borax is helpful in removing the conditions conducive to the reproduction of book lice.
Use a dehumifier
Booklice typically thrive in a damp environment that facilitates the growth of mildew and mold. Using a humidifier helps the room become less humid reducing the moisture levels that can encourage the growth of the booklice food. Use the humidifier and fans interchangeably to increase airflow even as you remove the humidity.
Drop the temperature
Dropping the temperatures to below zero for even as long as an hour is enough to kill psocids. Of course this is not a solution for the house but for the books. Keep the book with the book lice in a very cold environment like in your freezer box and leave it inside for an hour. If the temperatures are low outside place the book outdoors (ensure you have taken protective measures to protect the book).
Food grade diatomaceous earth is safe to use indoor and it can be dusted in the cracks and crevices in a new house to get rid of book lice.
As the humidity levels in a new house decrease as people continue to live in the house the faster booklice diminish and die off. These insects can be more of a nuisance than a major problem.
If you have been in organic gardening for long, you will definitely encounter lots of garden pests. Those who say they don’t are simply lying. Even if you do, don’t worry as these tips this article will be revealing will assist you in maintaining your residential Arizona organic garden.
Every single organic garden would definitely have bugs. And it’s not limited to only one bug. These bugs form as a group and slowly it replicates.
Maintaining Your Garden
This is by far where most people quit because their garden turned into a complete disaster. Trust me; ask those organic gardeners why they quit.
You must learn how to prevent pests and animals in the gardens. Here are some tips when you start the organic garden that you should already know.
- Setting up fences to prevents animals like rabbits from invading.
- Develop your own organic recipes to further accelerate plant growth and prevent pests from reproducing or damage your plants.
- Always make use of Mother Nature and attract beneficial bugs and animals to help you to annihilate pests.
Dealing With Insects
This is inevitable, they will invade. Don’t expect your garden to be perfectly pest-free.
Here are some common garden pests that are probably hiding in your garden.
- Cabbage worms
- Asparaguses Beetle
- And Many More …
Here are some tips on which you can apply immediately to prevent or annihilate them:
Tip #1: Plant Native Varieties As Much As Possible
Native Plant Species have their own system which can be used to repel common pests. By planting local varieties, you will have a much more success rate when it’s close to harvest time.
Tip #2: Mix Plant Species Among Other Varieties
These mix plants each have their own special ability to protect themselves against pests. Mixing these plants together, it will help each other out whenever the pests are around. Mixing plants is crucial.
Tip #3: Always Maintain A Healthy Soil
This is especially true in an organic garden where soil plays a very important role. Healthy Soil not only ensures that you will have fewer pests but healthier plants.
Here are just some tips on how to obtain healthier soil:
Tip #3.1: Always do crop rotations.
Tip #3.2: Always add composts
Tip #3.3: Add more fertilizers, especially manures that are rich in nutrients.
Last piece of advice: Always eliminate problems when its in the early stages. Once you see a bug, pluck it off before it replicates.
Don’t make that mistake that most gardeners do. It’s definitely hard to avoid all pests in organic gardening. However, when pest invades, you have to remain calm and steady, then act accordingly.
Thus, you must be prepared and equipped with knowledge on how to maintain your organic garden. Otherwise, it will be disastrous.
If you garden, you know about pests. Once pests have taken over a plant or an area of your garden, they are typically hard to get rid of. A better strategy is to plan on how to get rid of bugs on plants in your garden now before pests take over.
One of the best strategies to do is to start by watering the underside of your leaves on the plant. There are many pests like spider mites and aphids that will live on the underside of leaves.
Spider mites can be a gardener’s worst nightmare. Many home gardens suffer damage from this type of pest. They will gradually eat your leaves and plants and kill them by piercing the surfaces and sucking out the juices.
If you notice spider mites on just a few plants, you might want to remove those and isolate them in a different part of the garden or just get rid of them. This can help the spread of these spider mites to other plants that aren’t yet infected.
If you want to get rid of them, you need to know what they look like. They are red and yellow living on the underside of leaves and can sometimes leave their webbing around. They are extremely small and at times are hard to see. You will most likely see the spotted damage on the leaves before you see the pest.
One way of getting rid of the mite problem is to simply water your plants. Hit the underside of the leaves while watering to disrupt their habitat. Keep doing this from time to time to prevent spider mite problems as well as other problems that might come up.
Apply neem oil to the plants. This is best used when it’s dark outside but if you can’t do it then apply it during daylight hours. This is normally mixed with water and sprayed on the plants.
Use organic insecticide solutions. These are not harmful to your plants at all. Many are made with natural oils that will land on small insect pests and kill them.
This is a very natural way of dealing with pest problems. Make it a habit to put this on your plants before pest problems occur.
Start learning about beneficial insects. These insects will live in your garden and eat the insects that are there to ruin your garden. If you start attracting the beneficial insects, they will live in your garden and keep pest problems to a minimum.
Just like beneficial insects, attract birds to your property. Get bird baths, bird feeders, and other things to make sure that birds come to your yard.
They will eat insects in your garden. Get birds to your yard now while you are planting to prevent common garden pests.
Attract, or get some ladybugs in your garden. They will feast upon spider mites, aphids, and other common garden pests that are sometimes difficult to get rid of.
Read about beneficial insects and how to attract them. These will naturally control most of these types of pest problems for you.
Diatomaceous earth is another way of dealing with mites. This is a cheap powder that will dehydrate the mites as well as other common pests in the garden.
There are many different methods of organic pest solutions that one can utilize in their organic gardens. Pest control is very important when organic gardening because the whole point of going organic is to not use pesticides and man-made fertilizers.
This is a very popular and successful method of organic pest control.
The idea behind companion planting is to grow different plant species together or in close proximity of each other which will have a mutual benefit to both plants.
They help each other, by either repelling or confusing harmful pests or attracting beneficial insects. A great example of a powerful companion plant is the marigold.
The marigold puts off a strong smell, and this deters many pests, some vegetables that you can pair the marigold with are the asparagus, which the marigold will deter beetles.
Marigolds can also be paired with eggplants which the marigold will deter harmful nematodes.
Attracting Beneficial Insects
This one is another great method of organic pest control, as these insects prey on the harmful pests in your garden.
You can attract these beneficial insects by providing safe places for them to live and by using attractants like some companion plants.
An example of a beneficial insect is the humble ladybug. Ladybugs feed on a large menu of garden pests like aphids, thrips, different beetle larvae and many more.
If you want to attract ladybugs to your garden, plant flowers that have tiny white blossoms, an example of a herb that attracts ladybugs is cilantro.
Gardening With Raised Beds
This too is another popular and successful method. If you have a problem with moles or other rodents that attack your plant roots, then a great solution is to use raised beds.
As long as you make sure the raised bed is deep enough for your plants’ root systems. you can add a bottom to the bed. This cuts off any way for the rodents to get at your plant roots and root crops.
- The organic mulch serves as a food for many microorganisms found in the soil.
- It also helps to maintain a constant temperature for the activity of the microorganisms.
- Sometimes, the mulch can introduce unwanted organisms to the soil, such as fungi, bacteria and nematodes.
- It is important that during the rainy season, mulch is removed to prevent plant diseases and pests.
Like the other methods above, we will cover them in more detail in another post. Natural pesticides work by using natural ingredients to either target and kill off specific insect types, or they are used to repel the harmful insects away.
An example of a natural pesticide would be the following spray which is made from garlic. Organic garden pest control can be easily accomplished with some planning ahead and a bit of knowledge of the pests that are attracted to your plants.
As with most things, the best way to get rid of moths is prevention rather than a cure. Rugs and carpets left in dark or damp places are most at risk, moths seek out dark undisturbed areas to lay their eggs, meaning rugs in storage or areas under furniture are prime nesting spots.
Rugs with moth infestations should be thoroughly checked: vacuum front and back and spray with wool safe specialist moth spray. As with any chemical, even those which are natural, always pre-test on a small inconspicuous area.
It is advised to vacuum your rug regularly and ensure to vacuum the reverse and area under your rug from time to time.
There are quite a few things that can cause damage to your rug at home. These might be things like normal daily foot traffic, dirt, direct sunlight, and other things.
One thing that is the leading cause of much rug damage, especially stored rugs, are moths. You need to do some things to make sure that your rugs aren’t completely ruined by moth damage.
You will first notice webbing on the rug in certain areas. Generally, this means that your rug has a serious moth problem. Look for small particles that look more like sand than dirt.
These are the droppings of larvae that are on your rug. You will also notice some basic damage to the rug’s pile. It will become loose and might lose some of its colors.
In the worst-case scenario, rugs can be destroyed by the moth larvae, if caught early the damage will not be noticeable however the likelihood is that the damage will be somewhere in between.
In order to prevent moth damage, you need to vacuum and clean your rug. This will get rid of any eggs that might be in your rug making sure that the moths never get to live in and around your rug.
You might consider getting it professionally cleaned to prevent this problem. Make sure that if you store your rug in a closet that you actually put your rug into sealed plastic that bugs and moths can’t get into.
Use closet moth traps in the places that you choose to store your rugs. These will attract moths to the traps as opposed to the rug that they will end up destroying.
Rugs hung on walls should be handled regularly, the human scent can help deter moths using the rug as a nesting site.
Mothballs are not recommended as they are unlikely to work and can be harmful to humans, pets, the environment, and the rug. The best option, and safest for the rug if carried our correctly, is to have the rug professionally frozen.
This option not only kills any moths, larvae, and eggs in the rug but avoids chemicals coming in to contact with often fragile fabrics.
Damage can be repaired but can be costly so it is always best to be vigilant and check for signs of moths from time to time.
Trapping, flooding or even poisoning are techniques you have no doubt heard of, but some experts have come up with a solution to remove moles and gophers —- that features a very handy chemical that can simply be found in your favorite DIY store; castor oil.
This particular solution can often do an outstanding job of managing moles and gophers in your yard.
Often it is asked how you can be sure of whether or not you have moles or gophers in your yard.
For starters, moles do not try to consume plants and flowers. These creatures, for the most part, take in grubs as well as worms, plus they leave behind distinguishing tunnels and also superficial, exterior part rails combined with spherical mounds of soil.
Compared to moles, gophers, on the other hand, are prone to create fan-like holes and they eat plants and roots.
Despite the fact that the soil tunnels moles create can be a nuisance to your garden and lawn spaces, their tunneling can have one benefit in cultivating the soil in your yard.
To eliminate moles, the use of a mixture of a milk-based spore bacterium plus some beneficial nematodes can help destroy any grubs that these moles eat. On the other hand, gophers can be an extreme disturbance. They feed on your flowers, plants and just about any greens on your backyard.
One thing you can try is granulated Castor oil products. It may be noteworthy to remember that Castor oil does not cause harm to moles and gophers, they solely deter these creatures from staying in your yard.
The truth is, it is possible to determine the particular route you would like them going. Utilizing a spreader, equally distribute the actual granules of Castor oil throughout a region of your garden in which the destruction continues to be particularly bad.
Using this type of solution, the protection rate can be just 1 lb for each 1 thousand sq. ft., which suggests a small amount should go a considerable way.
However, it is challenging to determine exactly how much, or perhaps in this situation, precisely how little you might have driven away.
You’ll be able to add moisture to the granules of Castor oil should you desire, or merely wait around for some rain to water it on your behalf. No matter what, the granules of Castor oil may gradually set out to dissolve and additionally give off the particular aroma which will repel moles and gophers.
This natural chemical that repels moles and gophers is also somewhat beneficial to the soil in your garden.
In case you are managing a sizable place, just spread out the granules of castor oil in your garden, which includes your flower or plant bed, leading these annoying moles or gophers towards the closest departure spot from your premises.
To push these pests within a certain route, place the Castor oil in about 1/3 of the place to be treated, originating in the spot furthermost of the final departure place.
While within just some hours of waiting, specifically if the area is watered effectively, the moles and gophers will certainly start off going into the particular route.
A couple of days afterward utilize additional castor oil to another location, and also a few days from then on, place more castor oil granules on the closing section.
Keep in mind that this method, although it may temporarily deter moles and gophers from your yard, it will require continuous treatment and may be quite costly over time.
For a more permanent and less costly solution, experts agree that trapping moles and gophers are a better solution.
For beekeepers, the swarming of bees is definitely a blessing but for the ordinary citizens who know nothing about beekeeping, a bee swarm is a curse; and when they see plenty of them in their residence, they often resort on ways on how to get rid of bees.
The swarm is even more dangerous if these bees are the widely known Africanized bees. This is because these kinds of bees are capable of killing a person.
This is actually one of the common concerns in some communities. There are reports that there are cases wherein the victim of the bee attack is killed because of the sting.
When it comes to the behavior of bees, you should know that bees are not actually hostile insects. They show aggression only when disturbed. This is because they think of moving towards their hive as a threat.
So naturally, they are going to protect their house by taking the initiative to attack the moving object that for them brings danger.
When bees attack you in hundreds while you are not wearing any protective suits, do your best to get away from the hive or swarm as much as possible. There are victims of bees that died due to bee stings.
If you are among those people who have little knowledge about beekeeping and you happen to stumble upon a group of bees bustling around with a very disturbing noise, this is a bee swarm that you should avoid. As much as possible, just run away from the bee swarm.
Don’t try to approach the bee swarm by spraying the bees with liquid or shelling poison as this is not effective to remove them.
Instead, you will only be faced up with the worst-case scenario particularly when they caught you without wearing any protective coverings. The best option is to run away or stay at a far distance from the beehive.
However, if the bee swarm seems to settle in your backyard, just wait without disturbing them until they are going to move to another location. But if there are little children, better to call for professional assistance.
However, before calling any professional assistance, you must determine first if the bee swarm is a group of honey bees or Africanized bees.
This will provide information for the bee removal team to bring the appropriate materials to be used.
Also, describe the location of the bees and how long the bee swarm has been settling in that area. If you know someone in your area who is engaged in beekeeping, you can also call his attention to help you with your problem.
In actuality, a bee swarm is not a real threat to individuals. They only attack when their hives are being disturbed. This is simply their way of defending themselves and protecting their hives from the intruders.
So if there is any moving object going near to their hives, which are usually humans, guard bees are ready to die in an attempt to protect their house for the danger that they sense.
Apart from the barbaric use of traps and poisons, there are, in fact, more humane ways for mole pest control methods to get these mammals out of your yard.
You can even choose to simply coexist with them by fashioning your landscape in a way that will benefit both you and the moles.
If living with moles in your yard is something that is not acceptable to you, then perhaps you can make use of plants that possess certain characteristics that are rather unappealing or even revolting to moles.
The results that you will get from using such mole control methods are not exactly as effective as other types, but using such natural ways offers more benefits than many of the more conventional methods.
The castor bean plant has proven itself again and again as being a very effective deterrent for moles. In fact, castor bean is the active ingredient of most of the commercial mole repellants available in the market today.
This tropical plant grows at a height of about 15 feet and features big star-shaped leaves. The castor plant was once used as a laxative and could potentially cause harmful effects, especially to your children and pets, so make sure to keep them away from this plant.
Coming in second to the castor bean is the Caper Spurge. Aptly given the title as the “Mole Plant”, this living mole repellant grows to about 2 feet tall and thrives in areas where there is an adequate amount of sunlight.
Despite its known notoriety in being an effective mole repellent, this plant actually would work as a very attractive accent to any flower bed. Just like the castor bean, this plant is also dangerous to children and pets so they should not be planted in high traffic areas.
The Mexican Marigold might not possess the most beautiful aromas in the flower kingdom but it would be a nice addition to any flower garden. This has long been used for companion planting so its positive effects in repelling pests such as moles are hardly questioned.
Companion planting is yet another pest control method where a certain plant prevents the harming of other desirable plants.
Flower bulbs are also very effective for mole control. Aside from giving your yard the color and variety that it needs, these flowers can also ensure that your lawn will be free from any unsightly holes and mounds.
Along with the daffodil, a couple more of the most popular flowers include the Siberian squill and the crown imperial.
Vegetable and herb bulbs such as garlic, onions, shallots, and chives also repel moles effectively. Onions, most especially, are able to effectively keep away moles because of a naturally strong odor.
There are herb and vegetable bulbs that also provide aesthetic appeal to wherever they are planted so using these plants as mole control methods will not exactly take a toll on the overall beauty of your lawn.
As with other moths, they hate strong smells and one of the methods on how to get rid of clothes moths is normal household smells such as lavender and clove both of which act as moth repellents due to their intense odor.
You can purchase specific moth repellents but they work in a similar manner, providing protection from these moths through a strong odor that repels them.
A clothes moths feeding habits differ slightly to the more common moths in that while it does feed on hair and feathers, it also often feeds on spices, tobacco hemp, and skins.
Unsurprisingly, the name itself comes from the way that as a larva, it spins a thin silken case around its body that it carries around with it wherever it goes.
Made up of a similar substance to the feeding tube lines that all larvae leave behind, the larva sticks its head and legs out when attempting to move or feed.
On occasions where there is a large infestation, the larvae may even attach themselves to walls where it crawls up, carrying the case behind them as it does so.
By the time the adult case baring moths have reached their adulthood, they generally measure around half an inch when it comes to their wingspread.
They are slightly smaller and a darker brown than the common clothes moth although this is generally unnoticeable to the naked eye.
However, one distinguishing feature that sets it apart from its more common relations is that it has three dark spots on its wings although it is not uncommon for these to fade as the wing scales begin to wear off.
The male clothes moths are also slightly smaller as with other clothes moths, although again this is typically unnoticeable to the naked eye especially seen as the sizes vary.
One way of separating between the two is that the females are quite lazy and will only fly from one spot to the next whereas the males are much more active and will often by flying around.
While the females only live for around 30 days, they can lay as many as 300 eggs in that time meaning that if you don’t detect them earlier, you will likely have an infestation on your hands within just a couple of weeks.
The larva stage of the moth’s lifecycle lasts around 50 days although this can often be more and the pupal stage is passed whilst it is in the case or cocoon.
If the case that surrounds the larva is removed, the larva will almost certainly die. Similar to the larvae of other clothes moths, it is unlikely that it will spin a web around the material it is eating but rather will spin silken threads to the material it is eating on which would lead to its case.
In the United States, there are a number of ant species known, some of which are fire ants, carpenter ants, and argentine ants. All of the species of ants are dealt with in the same process of ant control in order to get rid of them, but except for one; the carpenter ants.
In order to find food and water, ants compose themselves into colonies and search for resources. Colonies have scouts to leave a trail of scent for them to follow on their way home.
Some species of ants establish subcolonies right next to the resources they have found and they will bring out queens to make new colonies that are independent.
One good way of pest control would be through sealing any entrance made by these ants to your home sweet home.
There are ways to make an ant unwilling to cross borders; there are several factors that would discourage ants to cross like sticky substances as Vaseline, cinnamon, boric acid, and chili powder. By blocking the entrance of their home and any trail of entrance with these substances, ants will not be able to gather resources.
Number 2 lists the elimination of these ants’ scent trail. Prevent the scout to report back to colony of a found resource. You can either kill the scouts or wipe out the trail.
Locate the resource that they have found and wipe back from the source up to the trail entrance with a sponge with soapy water. They will be back to search again for the resource but if you keep on erasing the trail, the ants will give up within a week of trying.
And last but not the least, the 3rd way would be the elimination of their food source. Scouts are sent to search for resources such as food and water. In due time, these scouts will locate every food in your home but will ignore some of it.
That does not mean that they will not eat it, it may not be of their interest now, but other colony in some other time might be interested in that food.
To disable them from locating and getting their resources, put your foods into containers that are tightly sealed and place them in a refrigerator.
Clean every inch of the floors, cabinets, tables, and drawers to remove stains and crumbs or any leftover food. Above all else keep all your counters and sinks dry so that ants will not have any source of water, and eventually discouraged.
If the food from your pet bowl is the source found by the ants, you can simply create a barrier around the bowl by placing the bowl into a pan with soapy water so that the ants will not be able to cross over.
If the given procedures still won’t work, then give any pest management service provider or pest service a ring. By doing so, your pest problems will be history.