Black and white spider
The black and white spider is also known as the jumping spider. Their scientific name is Phidippusaudux and it is also commonly referred to as the orchard spider. They earned the name black and white spiders because of the distinct white spot (which sometimes can be orangish) on their backs. The ones with the orange spot are commonly mistaken for black widow spiders.
This spider is typically found in the garden areas and around the home. These spiders belong to the salticidae family and they are reputed to have extremely good eyesight so they hunt during the day only. There typical hunting style is stalking their prey before they leap on it and devour it. The black and white spider is characterized by one particular mannerism which is hanging off a dangling silken webbing. They use this as a fail safe way of getting around and staying in the air if their leap fails.
Why are they black and white?
The black and white color is to camouflage the spider against the tree as they hunt. It also ensures they don’t end up being the prey. The white markings are found mainly on the legs or sometimes it may be a pattern of white marking running through the body.
Are they dangerous?
Like we mentioned above because of the black hue of the spider and its distinct white markings it can sometimes be confused for a black widow. But black and white spiders are not poisonous or aggressive. They can bite when they are trapped against your skin and their fangs can penetrate the skin. However, they do not cause any adverse reactions should they bite you and the bite will heal in a day or two.
Anatomy of a black and white spider
They are small in stature with a stocky, furry body. Some members of the species tend to have velvety orange abdomens. They have eight eyes with a large pair infront which helps it navigate its environment astutely during the day.
How to deal with a black and white spider bite
Like other spider bites that are not venomous you will see a series of red, tiny bumps. To alleviate the itchiness that comes with the bite you can apply some calamine lotion to the site. Also apply a cold compress of ice pack if the pain and swelling persist. But a bite from a black and white spider is not a medical crisis so home based first aid will definitely alleviate the discomfort accompanying it.