The Fungus Gnat is a garden pest that can become a real headache. This usually happens when the adult gnats materialize in large numbers from indoor potted plants containing wet soil loaded with hummus. They are attracted to light so they are often seen around windows.
The larvae of the gnats feed in soil that contains high amounts of organic matter. They harm the root system of many bedding plants including poinsettias, carnations, and African violets.
The fungus gnat will also attach themselves to foliage plants. Some Indications your plant may have an infestation are foliage loss, yellowing, and sudden wilting.
Gnats are harmless to humans and animals and they thrive in dead plant materials and fungi. If you suspect these insects are invading your plant, take a specimen to a local garden center for accurate identification.
It is quite difficult to exterminate gnats, so learning a few tips from professionals will certainly help. These are some of a few:
- Prioritize prevention techniques so you are able to nip the fungus gnats in the bud and avert massive infestation. Remember that the larvae flourish on damp soil, organic debris, and decayed leaves. Thus, allow the topsoil to dry up between watering schedules. Remove the rotten flowers and leaves frequently. It is also advisable to put in fresh soil on a regular basis.
- Another option is to wipe out fungus gnats that have developed. You can make use of the yellow adhesive paper which can be purchased in supermarkets, home improvement shops, and online retailers.
- You can also use the common predatory bug called the Hypoaspis which can deal with fungus gnats at an early stage and keep in check said pests. These are natural and easy on the pocket. The application procedure is fairly simple. All you need to do is water the surface of infected plants gently. Put in five milliliters for every 15 centimeters in a pot where the mites are. Apply this solution on the surface of the soil. See to it that the soil is soggy so the eggs will be hatched in one week and hunt for the fungus gnats.
- Re-pot the houseplant but be sure to bring it out of the house and take away the fertilizer. Wash the plant thoroughly and put in the fresh manure that has not been infested by the gnats.
Some helpful tips:
Use only sterile potting soil for your potted plants. Remember the fungus gnat loves overly wet soil. They require it to begin their lives.
So, you must not overwater your plants, and be sure any pot you use has good drainage. If your home already has an infestation problem, you may want to invest in an electrocution-light. Gnats will be attracted to the light and killed upon contact.
You can also turn to sticky traps to win the war against the gnats. These traps are hungover plants and cause the insects to stick to the card like glue.
Sticky traps while useful for the adults, fall short of helping get rid of the larvae. In order to deal with the larvae, you may need to turn to a pest control company for help.