While termites can certainly be quite persistent and can be difficult to get rid of without the help of a service providing professional pest control, you can significantly reduce your chances of facing an infestation from these destructive pests — starting off with baby termites to the colony.
There are three basic sub-groups within the termite colony. These include:
The reproductives consist of the female queen and the male king. Many people think that just one king and one queen “rule” the colony, but the reality is that there can be several pairs of kings and queens in a colony that are responsible for producing offspring.
At the height of reproduction, a queen may produce as many as two thousand eggs in one day, which is why it is important to implement an effective method for termite control as soon as possible.
While the reproductive sub-group is responsible for adding new life to the colony, the worker termites are responsible for finding food for the colony, storing food and maintaining the nest. Depending upon the species, the worker termite may also be responsible for defending the colony.
The worker termites are the ones most commonly seen in infested wood. Although the workers are usually blind, they are very skilled at creating and maneuvering through elaborate tunnel systems.
Unfortunately, when it comes to termite control, many people mistakenly believe they have taken care of the infestation if they successfully kill off a group of workers.
Since there are still plenty of termites left at the nest, and because the queen is able to reproduce so rapidly, effective termite control requires getting rid of more than just the workers.
As the name implies, the solder sub-group is responsible for defending the nest. The bodies of soldier termites are different from the bodies of the worker termites in that they are specialized for defense.
In fact, many soldier termites actually have over-sized jaws that make it impossible for them to feed themselves. Rather, they have to be fed by the workers.
Since termites have such a vast social caste, and because they can spread out and cover a fairly large area, including hidden tunnels and mounds, it is a good idea to hire a termite company to get rid of the termite infestation completely.
- Remove or reduce sources of moisture – add drainage to help run-off moisture and take steps to reduce the amount of condensation under your home.
- Remove food sources – termites feed on wood, so remove debris from your crawl space and minimize the use of mulch and landscape timbers. Remove stumps on your property and minimize the use of wood for house framing as much as possible.
- Remove or reduce cracks throughout the home – cracks in basement foundations and concrete slabs create the perfect home for termites, as do cracks around utility pipes and cracks in veneers such as brick, stucco, and wood.