Ticks place themselves on the ends of branches or leaves, normally along pathways where there is a steady traffic of people or animals or people walking by.
Once a person brushes past a shrub or bush where a tick is, they will use their barbed snouts to leave a tiny incision in your skin.
Then, they insert their head to suck your blood. Once the head is inserted in the skin, pulling on the tick will only separate the head from the body, leaving the head embedded in your skin.
This means that you can’t get rid of the tick unless the head is out. Ticks cause Lyme disease Ticks are a big problem because they can carry a serious disease called Lyme disease.
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that will first manifest itself by symptoms such as fever, depression, headaches, fatigue, and a circular skin rash. If Lyme disease isn’t identified early, later symptoms may affect your heart, joints, and nervous system.
However, if you notice the infection early on, taking antibiotics will typically eliminate the problem.
Wearing light-colored and tight clothing is ideal when going outdoors in preventing ticks. Make sure that your clothing covers your arms and legs.
The light color will help you to identify a tick if it tries to attach itself. Tight clothing is recommended since it makes it more difficult for a tick to cling to your clothing.
Try to identify the types of plants that are on the pathway. Familiarize yourself with the different types of plants that animals that are native to the area avoid.
Generally, if animals avoid pathways, ticks will usually be scarce in that location. Use insect repellent or natural repelling oils. Make it a habit to use insect repellent on your skin and clothes to avoid ticks.
This will help discourage ticks from clinging to you. Another good repellent is eucalyptus oil or Neem oil. Ticks hate the smell of both of these oils and it will discourage them from clinging to your skin.
Check for ticks periodically while you are hiking It is a good practice to periodically check your clothing and skin for ticks as you hike. This will help you brush off any ticks before they cling to you.
The proper way to remove ticks that are attached If you find a tick that has already embedded its head into your skin, don’t panic. Get a lighter or match and heat up a small piece of metal such as a needle.
Once the metal is hot, place the needle on the end of the tick’s buttocks.
This will cause the tick to alarm and pull its head out of your skin. Whatever you do, do not pull the tick out before the head is free, the head will simply detach from the body. It is much more difficult to remove the head once it’s embedded in the skin.
Though insects are necessary by nature for human life, these little critters are no doubt a nuisance to most people, especially when they are in their homes. More often than not, these bugs and other insects that bite humans bring germs with them — especially the fly, as mostly found outside your home.
But of course, one can treat this problem using different commercial products or insecticides, but they contain substances that are harmful to humans and other animals.
Get rid of any clogs and throw out old fruit. Then, grab a shallow bowl and place some beer or liquor at the bottom of it.
Please your item in the bowl and cover it with plastic wrap. Then using a needle punch some small holes in the plastic staying at least ½ inch away from the edge of the bowl. The flies will go into the bowl and get trapped.
Aside from sticky flypapers that can be made at home or purchased, there are other solutions. For starters, it is recommended to use plants that actually repel these insects, such as basil.
In addition to basil being a repellent, it can also be used in cooking and leaves a pleasant aroma in the area. Citrus peel, preferably lemon, should be placed in a sachet to repel them as well.
These smell pleasant to people but deter these insects and therefore can be hung in different locations within the home or even on the patio. Another option is a bunch of pine boughs or a crushed clove, both of which are despised by flies.
Cleanliness is always of the essence when dealing with infestations and any problems with regards to pests. Make sure that all foods are kept in containers and none are exposed, which usually attracts flies.
For those who eat outdoors, use special food umbrellas until the meal begins as a means to keep them off the food. The yard should always be impeccable, ensuring that there is no pet feces on the premises which draw these insects.
Ensure that the garbage is never left uncovered and that the garbage cans are regularly cleaned and disinfected. To keep them at a minimum within the home, invest in screens for patio doors and windows and of course, make sure they are always closed.
Around the patio, use citronella torches or candles as these are known to repel not only mosquitoes but also the flies. Torches are also attractive, either lit or unlit as they surround a particular area.
In addition to or instead of screens for patio doors, also use beaded or fringed curtains. They look attractive, somewhat retro, but definitely help. These are available in different designs and colors to blend in well with the existing decor.
The important thing is to keep them to a minimum and at all costs, avoid their contact with food because they spread diseases of all kinds that could even endanger a person’s life.
From traps to exterminators, from organic sprays to more conventional sprays there is something to get rid of these unwanted and sometimes deadly creatures.
There are well more than a million different species in the insect world and many more related to insects. A few are beneficial and are not harmful to humans. But, there are a few that have the notoriety of being a nuisance to human activities.
Mosquitoes are pests that are just another common observance of summer. But with the increasing West Nile and meningitis problems that have been associated with them, it’s no wonder people hate mosquitoes.
There are many ways to be rid of mosquitoes. But prevention is a must to keep the population down. Make sure all standing water in sources such as swimming pools, tires, and buckets are all dumped.
The female mosquito can lay hundreds even thousands of eggs in standing water. Sometimes the larva can be seen swimming about in these little pools of stagnant water.
Removal of these stagnant pools is important to help decrease the spread of these annoyances. There are many sprays and lotions that keep mosquitoes at bay. Mosquitoes tend to stay away from citrus smells.
The scented Geraniums are good plants to have in areas where humans may have interactions with mosquitoes. There are also citrus candles made for keeping away these pesky little insects.
Bees and Wasps
Other insects, which include wasps and bees, are mostly beneficial to nature. Bees Bees help pollinate flowers, and wasps are hardwired to go after some dangerous creatures such as caterpillars that can destroy a large area of crops.
But, if not dealt with properly, bees and wasps can prove to be hazardous. These insects are stinging insects and can deal with a sting that is very painful.
Some people have allergic reactions causing the need for immediate medical attention. Wasps are especially known for aggressive behaviors. A wasp known as the Yellow Jacket is very aggressive.
Bees generally are not as aggressive. But a genetically altered version of honey bees often called Africanized Honey bees or Killer Bees are very aggressive and attacks have been known to take lives of their victims.
There are many ways to be rid of bees and wasps. These methods can include nest or hive control, chemical control, and professional service control.
Controlling the nest is a hard thing to do for bees and especially wasps. You first must remove the insects themselves. Physical removal or relocation of the nest is possible but sometimes the chances of the nest being destroyed or injured can occur.
Professional services, the exterminator services, are needed when bees and wasps have nests that are in extreme places such as inside a home, inside the insulation or high in trees or in hard to reach places.
It’s safe to say that, when it comes to pest control, prevention is key. During the summer months, we spend a lot of time in the great outdoors. Sharing that space with Mother Nature’s creatures is part of that experience, but when it comes to pests, the comfort, safety, and health of our family must come first.
To ensure entry to your home is not as easy as walking in the front door, start there. If light can be seen through a shut door to the outside, insects can get in. Be sure to weatherstrip and or caulk these gaps.
Also, check caulk and grout seals on windows and in bathrooms around pipes, toilets, appliances, and any wires that come through the walls. This will also help with your heating and air conditioning bills as well as prevent damage to your home from moisture.
Moisture not only can ruin wood and cause mold, but it also attracts pests. Be sure to remove or refill any freestanding water including slow-moving drains and house plants.
Unfortunately, there are many more ways that pests can enter your home. It is important to check screens on your windows to make sure that there are no tears and that they are securely in place. If you have a chimney on your house, make sure there is a working chimney cap attached.
Check any grocery bags or boxes that you may be bringing into the house as well as plants and garbage containers. Nothing is worse than discovering you gave the insects a free ride right into your kitchen.
Another preventative method is as easy as keeping food in tightly sealed containers. If insects or rodents cannot find food, they will not linger. Baking products such as sugar and flour as well as cereals and other boxed or bagged products should be safeguarded in this way.
Clutter and unsanitized surfaces help to house and feed insects, making them that much more comfortable to rapidly reproduce.
The best way to effectively control bugs and prevent mice and other rodents from infesting your yard is to understand what brings them into the environment in the first place.
Once you understand how to prevent bugs and other pests, you will have a better grasp on how to control bugs and rodents. Because of the danger many of these pests pose, you can keep your family safe by consulting with a professional pest management service that is familiar with your area and the types of pests that pose a threat.
Regular preventive pest control treatments can greatly reduce the incidence of infestation, or eradicate them altogether.
Professional exterminators understand which strategies work best for which pests in your area, and will ensure the safety and well-being of you and your family, so you can get on with enjoying your summer.
Carpenter ants like excavating wood material which has been affected because of water to build their nest. So, what do carpenter ants look like?
Unlike the termite carpenter ants really do not consume the wood; they will chew right into the wood to create passageways identified as galleries inside of the wood.
If your home is being infested, it meant that you have probably neglected some areas and it is important that you find out where is it and stop it from happening.
They’ll live life inside these galleries and come out in the open during the night time to look for groceries. Carpenter ants are likely to move close to two-hundred ft. away from the nest in order to forage for meals.
Throughout the fall they choose to prey on sweet things along the lines of honey, jelly, not to mention fruit, in the spring they like protein for instance various meats. If they can’t come across these food types they will eat living or even deceased pests and other organic matter.
Carpenter ants are a nuisance insect but also are typically destructive to wood.
They can cause a great deal of damage to your home. These large brown or black ants live mainly in wooded areas but from time to time might try to enter your home.
The ants are so voracious that you can actually hear them working behind walls. it will sound like a quiet rustling noise.
These guys don’t possess a stinger nevertheless they can nibble utilizing their mandibles (designed for gnawing into the wood) when picked up. This species of ants are one of the larger types of ants around they are about 1/4 to 1/2 in. long and are generally blackish or even reddish-orange in color.
Tell-tale signs that you might have an issue with carpenter ants might be ant tracks in the kitchen area where food items are saved.
First, you will need to find out where is their nest and it is important to note that there is always a possibility of more than one nest. You will need to find all of them out
Restrooms near the toilet or below the sink should there be a leak present. You may even discover small hills of sawdust that they’ve pushed out of the galleries.
Occasionally at nighttime, if it is really quiet you might even notice them in the wall space chewing on the wood. Here are several of the items that you can try around your house to assist in preventing carpenter ant concerns:
- Address all of the roof leaks, plumbing related leaks and also any other types of leaks you can see around the home o Cut back all tree limbs away from the house as well as the roof o Close off all the cracks and openings contained in the foundation
- Store firewood away from the house and garage Prevention is the key but if you sense that you have a carpenter ant problem don’t hesitate to phone an experienced pest control company to come and have a look.
We all want to take care of our pets as well as we possibly can. Whenever we can care for ailments or conditions which affect our pets naturally, we should always do so. This is why we get rid of fleas in the house as much as possible.
There are times when even the cleanest house has a problem with fleas. The time of the year it is plays a large role with fleas causing issues and there are times when they simply can’t be avoided.
Fortunately, there are several things we can do to help eliminate fleas from our home and on our pets as well as a number of things we can do to prevent them from happening in the future.
A very good practice to help our pet not to be so attractive to fleas is by adding plenty of nutritional brewer’s yeast and garlic to their food each day. Use one teaspoon to two tablespoons of yeast to each meal, depending on the size of your pet.
If fleas are a problem in your home, you should have all the carpets steamed cleaned by a professional service. Make sure to inform the company about the fleas as there are special treatments they have to help the problem. Steam cleaning the carpets will kill the flea eggs.
Vacuum the furniture and carpet thoroughly for at least once a week. This will take care of eliminating flea eggs, larvae, and pupae. The vacuum’s tool attachment does excellently clean any crevices.
If the infestation is heavy in the home, purchase a dog flea collar or Indestructible Dog Collars and place it in the vacuum cleaner’s bag. This way the fleas can’t escape from the bag.
Be sure to remove the bag after each vacuum session and dispose of it immediately outdoors. Simultaneously, mop any tile and vinyl and floors. Vacuum the pets bedding at least twice a week.
Any of the bedding that is machine washable, be sure to wash them once a week. The bedding must be washed in hot water and dried on maximum heat in the dryer. The reason for this is heat kills fleas as well as flea eggs.
Since it’s possible for fleas to fall out of the bedding on your way to the laundry room, roll the bedding up to prevent this. Give your pet a bath with a natural, non-toxic, flea-controlling shampoo.
The shampoo can be found at natural food stores. You can also add 1/4 teaspoon to 2 tablespoons of raw whole garlic to each meal you feed your pet. Make sure the garlic has been grated or minced.
If steam cleaning the carpets is still not helpful, you could try treating the carpets with a borax-like powder that reduces the flea population.
For a better home living with your pets, call in your local pest control company to help you get rid of fleas.
Unfortunately, there are a few indoor insects that attack indoor plants. Like their outdoor counterparts, these indoor insects are destructive to the plants that they inhabit.
Also, like their outdoor counterparts, as soon as the symptoms of an infestation become noticeable, immediate action needs to be taken. Once an infestation is found on an indoor plant, all of the indoor plants need to be checked for signs of insects.
Like other insects, the varieties that attack house plants tend to multiply quickly. When an infestation has grown to the point of being noticeable, it is usually quite large.
These infestations can kill a plant quickly. Among the most common indoor plant pests is the spider mite. Spider mites are not very particular about the type of plant that they inhabit. They feed on several hundred types of plants.
Spider mites can hatch in as short as 3 days, then become sexually mature in as little as 5. Females can lay up to 20 eggs each day and can live for 2 to 4 weeks.
Plants that are infested with spider mites will have delicate webbing from the stem to the underside of the leaves. The problem arises when the initial treatment is not successful.
Spider mites multiply quickly enough that the population will become immune to an insecticide quickly if it is the only one used. Spider mites are yellow or green in color and are so small that they are not easy to see.
One way to check for the presence of them is to tap the leaf over a piece of white paper and check for very tiny movements on the paper. Use a good insecticide to remove them. On the other hand, shell Insects appear like a tiny bump of wax on a leaf or stem.
It is usually not possible to view these creatures without magnification, but as their numbers increase they make their presence known. These pests can stunt plant growth and even kill the plant over time. Again, use a good insecticide spray to rid the plants of these pests.
Mealy Bugs are large enough that they are visible without using magnification. It is the female of the species that stay attached to the plant. The males develop wings and stay close to the females.
The males are short-lived as they do not eat as adults. With mealy bugs, some species lay eggs (50 to 100 at a time), others, the offspring are born live.
Since mealybugs appear to be small clusters of cotton on the plant, they are relatively easy to spot.
It may take a couple of weeks of treatment before you are rid of these pests. These and other indoor plant insects will kill a plant over time. They are not only destructive, but they are also very unsightly.
A beautiful plant will become unhealthy and unsightly defeating the purpose of decorating with plants. Keeping your houseplants clean is the first step in prevention.
Spraying regularly with an insecticide may be another necessary step depending on the amount of trouble that the plants are having with pests.
Termites are of different types such as the flying termite, dry-wood termite, subterranean termites, and Formosan termites.
All these can infest at places that are not easy for you to inspect. It is always advisable to take the help of professionals while dealing with termites.
Steps to Protect Your Home from Termites
If the soil has the moisture it will attract the termites, so it is required to keep moisture away from your house. The gutters should be clean and must drain at a distance from your house.
Water leakage must be avoided because termites not only use wood to burrow but also the soil in search of moisture.
All the wooden debris surrounding your place should be removed because it is like food to the termites, and after they are done with the debris they are going to attack your house.
Things like newspapers, cardboard boxes, firewood, etc should be kept away from your house and its surroundings. Your house should be crack free. Cracks are an easy opening for the termites and should be repaired and sealed. Structures made up of wood should not touch the ground.
There should be a minimum space of half a foot between the wooden object and the ground. Redwood, cedar and juniper are termite-resistant woods that should be used as they are less attractive as a food source for the termites, though not termite-proof.
Using sand as a barrier is pretty effective and useful, especially for those who do not prefer using chemicals. Termites can move particles of certain sizes using their mouths to burrow.
Sand particles that can go through a 16-mesh screen can stop termites to tunnel through the sand into your home. This sand barrier should be done by a professional who will build thick trenches of sand all-around your foundation or will pump the sand below your house using a sand-pump.
Regular inspection for termites is a healthy thing to do, which is to remove the colony of termites while it is building up and have not caused much damage to your valuables. Never try to fight away or kill the termites all by yourself.
People sometimes try using insect sprays to kill them when they find the colony in one of their property or nearby. The spray is not good enough to kill and the termites move away, often moving right into your place.
General Ways to Kill Termites
- Borate Termite Treatment – This is carried out by applying it directly on the wood, like a coat, usually carried out during the construction time.
- Liquid Termite Treatment – Liquid termiticides are sprayed in the surroundings of your house to keep the termites away.
- Termite Baits – Baits are put around your house to kill the termites as they spread pesticides through the workers.
- Fumigation- This method is only used for drywood termites found in the southern parts of the United States.
The main reason to be able to identify different kinds of wasps is to know which ones are aggressive and which ones won’t give you a problem. What do wasps do, and how can we identify them properly?
In other words, to distinguish between wasps that can be safely removed and those that must be eradicated while wearing protective clothing.
Wasps belong to the Superfamily Vespoldea. There are several lesser categories within this group. The family Eurnenidae is a non-aggressive, solitary creature that preys primarily on insects.
These are among the most beneficial wasps for the environment since they do play a role in controlling the ecosystem.
Belonging to the Subfamily Polistinae are docile wasps from the:
- Tribe Polistini (found all over the world),
- the Genus Polistes (also known as the docile paper wasps),
- the Tribe Polybiini (found in South America and Africa), and the
- Tribe Ropalidiini (found in tropics of the Old World).
The Subfamily Stenogastrinae is another group of docile wasps while the Subfamily Vespinae is the most aggressive. Genus Folichovespula is the name given to very aggressive hornets that make aerial nests.
There are four species found in North America:
- Wasps of the Genus Provespa family are nocturnal and there are three species found in Southeast Asia.
- The Genus Vespa is a docile but giant hornet with only one species found in North America. The Genus Vespula has twelve North American species.
These aggressive yellowjackets build large colonies and are deemed quite dangerous. All social wasps are predators, build nests, and thrive in colonies.
Yellowjackets, hornets, and paper wasps are the most aggressive and the most opportunistic in terms of what they prey upon. Feeding on insects, spiders, and even small animals, they are also the most likely to sting.
Social wasps build their nests from a mixture of wood pulp, saliva, and, in some instances, mud. They have working groups that are responsible for collecting food, building and guarding the best, and looking after the Queen and her hatching eggs.
The paper wasps, which are considered the most docile of the Vespidae family, are distinguishable from the other types of social wasps because they have thinner waists.
In particular, they have thinner waists than the yellowjackets and hornets. Paper wasps are most likely to be seen in the house or the garden.
Those with thin and long bodies, covered with bright yellow and black markings are likely to be mud-daubers.
These wasps, as their name suggests, build nests from mud. They predominantly prey on spiders. Yellowjackets typically grow to be around the same size as bees (between 13mm and 19mm on average).
They are great scavengers, which perhaps explains why they are particularly pesky. They bite as well as sting, although the sting is both the more painful and greater in terms of impact. Hornets have thin waists as well and behave similarly.
They are distinguishable from yellowjackets mainly because they build aerial nests and are also slightly less aggressive in the sense that they prey upon large grasshoppers, horseflies, flies, bees, and even yellowjackets, being less preoccupied with scavenging and, incidentally, less likely to attack human beings.
Bees and their relatives pollinate flowering plants, including fruits and vegetables. With proper small bees and wasps identification, anyone will know that some of both species are parasites to many of the pest insects humans encounter.
Most people only focus on one attribute of these insects – their stingers, which they use to capture prey and defend their nest.
Though they are primarily a beneficial insect when their habits collide with people pest management may be required.
Bees and wasps are grouped based on their behavior, social or solitary. Social wasps live in large colonies associated with a paper nest and only exist for one season. Each colony consists of an egg-laying female and many sterile females called workers.
The males are produced only prior to mating swarms. Even though these wasps capture many different types of insects and thus are beneficial, the destruction of colonies is needed when they are in areas of high human activity. Solitary wasps do not produce workers that tend to their nest.
Each female is a “queen” and will make one nest or many nests for her offspring and then she abandons them. Solitary wasps do not readily defend their nests, so they are much less likely to sting.
One example of a social wasp is Yellow Jackets. These are only about 1/2 inch long and they normally build their nest underground nest. Their nest is usually constructed in an abandoned mammal nest or a small underground cavity.
These cavities are typically located under shrubs, logs, and piles of rocks. When the nest is disturbed yellow jacket workers can become extremely aggressive. There can be as many as 10,000 workers produced in a single colony in a single season.
Entrance holes are easily located by watching for fast-flying workers that are entering and leaving the nest.
Honey bees are very social and communicate with each other to relay information about the direction and distance of nectar and pollen sources. Honey bees build nests of combs with many waxen cells placed side by side that provide spaces to rear young and store honey.
Bees colonies are normally found in hollow trees but can work their way into wall voids of homes. A colony inside a home can cause major problems. Not only does the stored honey attract other bees and wasps, but their detritus (dead bees, wax caps from combs, etc.) attract beetles and moths.
Unlike wasps honey bees have barbed stingers that are strictly used for defending their nest. When a honey bee stings the stinger and its venom remain in the victim, and then die.
Cicada Killer wasps and carpenter bees fall into the classification of solitary. Both of these are very large in size and can look very intimidating, but neither one tends to aggressively guard their nests, which means they very rarely sting people.
Both will make a large hole for a nest to lay their eggs in. A cicada killer’s hole is typically in the ground and is about 1/2 inch wide, and the carpenter bee hole is found in exposed softwoods in areas like porches, decks, and eaves of homes.