HOW MANY ANTS ARE IN THE WORLD
There are in excess of 12,000 ant species worldwide. Ants are amazing little creatures. They have the longest lifespan in the insect world and are insanely strong being capable of lifting over 100 times their body weight.
Other than bacteria, ants outnumber all other living organisms on earth. There is estimated to be more than a mind boggling one million billion ants among the over 12000 ant species that live on earth with. In light of this numbers don’t be worried when you see a few ants in your house and be glad they all can’t gang up on humans.
It is a well known fact that ants are super strong and can carry their own body weight many times over, an ability that is very useful when hauling food back to their nest. In this regard The Asian weaver ant beats all the other species hands down. It can carry 100 times the weight of its body. It can do this even hanging upside down. To put it into perspective, it is like a person weighing 80 kgs carrying eight fully grown African elephants while hanging upside down. That is how strong this ant is.
Ants have a longer lifespan than all other insects. This can be attributed to queens of some ant species that live for about three decades. During her life one queen can produce a number of daughter queens ensuring continuity of her colony for a long time.
Ants can achieve feats that are almost impossible to imagine. Argentine ants have built the biggest documented colony along the coast of the Mediterranean sea stretching more than 6000 kilometers. Another massive nest attributed to Argentine ants is in the United States, in California. It stretches for over 900 kilometers.
The bulldog ant despite its diminutive size is tagged as the most venomous ant species on earth. It has a short three week life span. This native of Australia over and above being venomous is aptly named for being aggressive, ferocious and ready to attack at the drop of a hat. Three people have died as a result of being attacked by this ant.
Ants are unique in that, they are the only species on earth that are known to farm and ranch besides humans. Leafcutter ants, for instance, harvest leaves, chew them and temporarily store them in one of their two stomachs, regurgitate the mixture and use it to grow a fungus that the colony feeds on.
Other species raise aphids for their honeydew. This is a sugary substance produced by the aphids. The ants keep predators away from them and even clip the aphids wings to ensure they don’t fly off.
Ants don’t have lungs. They have spiracles on their bodies that they breathe through. Due to this, ant species that cannot swim are able to survive under water for a whole day. Fire ants can swim and they make rafts using their bodies to stay afloat to escape floods.
As fascinating as ants are you don’t want to be sharing your space with them.
How to Get Rid of Roaches Overnight
Are you trying to stop the embarrassment brought about by roaches in your home? Perhaps, roaches are the last thing most people would like to see roaming in their houses. The good news is that there are several ways that roaches infestation can be dealt with. However, it’s important to start dealing with roaches immediately you start noticing their presence in your household.
If the challenge is how to eliminate cockroaches in your house overnight, speeding up the killing process once you notice their presence is very crucial the moment you spot one. A single roach may be an indication that there are more in your house. This article will guide you on how to eliminate roaches overnight if you know their habitats.
Eliminate Food and Dirt
Roaches normally target certain areas in your home where food or debris openly lies around. Eliminating food leftovers, throwing away dirt in trash bags, and ensure foods are properly covered in sealable containers is highly recommended. This ought to be done on a daily or regular basis. Once the food and debris have been eliminated, the roaches will start wondering elsewhere in search of their basic needs.
Clear Clutter from Your Home
Uncluttering your home is important in the fight against cockroach infestation. One predominant characteristic about cockroaches is that they are among the most resilient pesticides around your home. They not only rely on food, but also other debris, such as, glue, paper, and dirt. Decluttering your household by discarding all the items you don’t need such as old boxes am tattered books is a good idea. Getting rid of those old newspapers and magazines that are idling around your house will also help. Alternatively, you can have the useless junk recycled or donate some of the usable stuff to a charitable organization around your area. A clatter free home in conjunction with high hygienic standard one huge step toward ridding your home of roaches overnight.
Get Rid of Moisture
This is especially important if you are a homeowner residing in an area with a dry climate. Cockroaches normally find their way into your home if there is plenty of moisture or water. It is advisable to carefully examine your home and ensure that all the leaking pipes are fixed. You should also eliminate any stagnant water in your kitchen or bathroom. This will not only help in the fight against roaches, but also other harmful insects and pests like mosquitoes.
Cover all the Entry Points
Do you know where the cockroaches in your house are coming from? If yes, make it extremely hard for roaches to enter into your home. Examine your walls for cracks, crevices or other openings, such as drains and pipes and fix them. Given that cockroaches are capable of penetrating through the tiniest gaps, ensure that all the openings are properly sealed.
There are a number of pesticides that can effectively help in the fight against cockroach infestation in your home. Some efficient ones can kill various pests instantly and continuous use will help to get rid of this nasty creatures. The problem is that most commercial pesticide sprays are quiet harsh to the eyes and the nose. Examples of home remedies that can help in eliminating cockroaches include boric acid, roach glue traps, and Food-Grade Diatomaceous Earth.
If you are sick and tired of the recurring roach problem in your home despite using home remedies and insecticides, you can opt to use an odor free roach killing gel such Advion gel. Alternatively call the your local pest controller to get rid of the roaches overnight.
HOW TO GET RID OF HOUSE CENTIPEDES
There are over 2000 centipede species worldwide. The house centipede is greyish – yellow with a slender flatish body. It has fifteen pairs of legs with a pair attached to each segment. Protruding from its rear tip are two long appendages and on its head two rather long antennae.
The two legs near the mouth carry venom. This is what they use to sting prey such as termites and Firebrats. These appendages on both ends confuse and deter predators because they find it difficult knowing which end is the back and which one is the head. The centipedes legs are not only for mobility, they can hold multiple prey using their legs. If any of their legs get stuck or caught on something they just pull them off and scuttle away.
House centipedes multitude of legs are not for show. They are very fast covering 1.3 feet within a second enabling them to overtake and grab their prey easily and on the other hand quickly escape from predators.
House centipedes are ferocious hunters going after prey that could pose a danger to them, sneaking up on them and stinging. Then sitting back and letting the venom work before feeding. They are mostly nocturnal hunters. They use their long extremely sensitive antennae to feel vibration and smell out potential prey. They are sensitive to light so during the day they hide in dark moist areas. In the home you’ll find them in bathrooms and basements.
House centipedes are not dangerous to people. They would rather not waste their venom on humans unless provoked.
During winter they will get into homes looking for warmth and food. Being rather narrow and small the house centipede will get in to the home through cracks in the walls, under doors, through damaged windows, striping and where utility pipes access the wall of the house.
Keeping centipedes out of your home
Set sticky traps placing them in areas that habour centipedes. Such as basements, under the sink and in bathrooms.
Remove all the clutter that can offer centipedes a hiding place.
Use a vacuum cleaner to rip the centipedes from their hiding place.
Dry out wet areas in your house. Without moisture centipedes can’t survive. Clean up damp areas and dehumidify them.
Put boric acid on pieces of paper and place them in high centipede traffic areas.
Spread silica packets in damp places around the home. This absorbs the moisture from both the ground and air.
Put compost bins, firewood and mulch away from the wall of the house and it’s perimeter.
Seal off all entry points including crevices in concrete foundations and gaps around windows and doors.
Seal gaps between walls with caulk.
Lay down a barrier of water resistant insecticide dust all around your house. Centipedes come from outside to enter your home and they will have to cross the insecticide barrier.
Get rid of all the pests that centipedes prey on. Without food they will leave or face starvation.
In as Much as centipedes are harmless to humans you don’t want them crawling all over the house.
How to Kill Wasps
Wasps and hornets can greatly impact the outdoor activities in your home, and their elimination can be tricky. Their populations normally peak late in the summer. Ensuring that they don’t invade your home in any season of the year is paramount. Although early intervention is necessary, most of these wasps and hornets don’t annoy unless they are disturbed. Furthermore, most of them will perish during the fall. What can you do if they become annoying? The good news is that there are effective ways to kill and eliminate wasps, hornets, and yellow jackets that always hang out near your household.
You can purchase and place a lure trap in an area where wasps frequent in your home. Place the trap along your property line away from protected areas or patios. It is important to regularly check and replace the traps whenever they fill up or according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. You can buy lure traps from online suppliers, department stores, or local stores within your residence.
Alternatively, you can use glue traps to capture the wasps during the early stages of nest development. The wasp population is usually smaller during this time and can easily be managed.
Use Fake Nests
Hanging a fake nest around your home away from your house will help to keep wasps away from you. This method is only effective early on in the summer and may not be helpful late in the season. You can buy fake wasp nests from online suppliers or big-box stores. Alternatively, you can use brown paper bags or paper lantern.
Knock Down the Nest
Adequate precaution and gear should be observed if you opt to kill the wasps yourself. This technique can be efficient if you had applied an insecticide or when the nest is still small. You can knock down the nest using a long-handled tool such as a rake or broom. If the wasps are alive, ensure to knock it down several times. However, knocking down a wasp nest even when sprayed is never the best way. There is always a chance that one is alert. In case you had applied an insecticide earlier on, and most wasps are dead, apply more insecticide after knocking it down before you break it apart.
Drown the Nest with Hot Water
Drowning the nest with boiling water especially at night is another effective way to kill wasps instantly. You should closely monitor the nest behavior for a few days to identify their frequent entry and exit points. You should then head to these points at night when the insects are asleep and drown them with hot water. Stuffing some soil inside the holes of the underground nests after flooding with hot water is advisable to prevent their reemergence.
If wasps are a nuisance in your home, getting rid of them soon is a good idea. It can prevent you or your family from getting stung when outdoors. Seeking the help of a professional pest controller is most recommended. They know wasp behavior and more importantly, have the right gear.
How to Stop Mosquito Bites Stop Itching
Mosquito bites normally mark the beginning of hot weather. Although the majority of mosquito bites are harmless, some can trigger health complications for those allergic to them. Mosquito bites normally happen because the female mosquitoes are attracted to human blood. They bite and suck on blood so they can be able to reproduce. These bites usually create bumps on the skin a few hours later and can also cause swelling and itching.
Mosquitoes are disease carriers but the likelihood of becoming infected is mostly determined by your area of residence. Other complications that can be caused by mosquito bites include breathing difficulties or swollen throat for those who are allergic to mosquito bites. Such adverse reactions are rare but when they occur, they need the immediate intervention of a health professional.
The following tips will go a long way to stop mosquito bites from itching:
Creams and Ointments
There are dozens of creams and ointments that can be used to stop mosquito bites from itching. You can purchase such products from online or local stores. It is wise to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations while using any of these products. In the event that the symptoms become severe, it is always recommended that you seek immediate help from a medical professional. Others also come with active ingredients that can trigger adverse side effects especially if you have a sensitive skin type. Performing a patch test can help prevent these reactions with your skin.
Apply Crushed Ice
One of the most effective ways to stop and reduce inflammation is the use of ice. The cold helps to numb the skin, which will not only give you short-time relief, but also help to sooth the skin.
Be careful not to apply the ice directly to the akin as it may burn your skin. Using a cloth lining or towel for wrapping the ice before placing on the skin is most recommended and can be placed on the bite for longer without causing discomfort.
Honey is one of the best homemade remedy for mosquito bites. That is because it contains natural anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. For many years, honey has been used in the treatment of certain inflammatory conditions, such as, sore throat, bruises, and skin sores. Just the application of a small drop of honey on an itchy mosquito bite will help to reduce inflammation. Plus, it will reduce the tendency of scratching which can worsen the condition of your skin.
Apply Onion Bulb
Onions not only cause tears in your eyes, but can also be an effective remedy for mosquito bites. The juices from freshly cut bulbs can reduce irritation caused by mosquito bites. Onions are packed with natural antifungal compounds that are known to help in reducing the risk of a skin infection.
Simply cut a slice from an onion and rub it against the bite for a couple of minutes. You should then thoroughly rinse with clean water to get rid of the onion.
Mosquito bites can indeed be irritating if left unattended. While preventing such bites is the best approach. The above simple and practical tips can be very helpful.
How to Treat Mosquito Bites
Mosquito bites can lead to bumps, irritation, and itching. There are plenty of home remedies that can effectively help in the treatment of mosquito bites. These include use of ice, aloe vera, and honey. Some effective ways of prevention include covering the exposed skin and use of mosquito repellents.
Mosquitoes can help in transmission of diseases in certain parts of the world. Interestingly the female mosquito is the one responsible for sucking blood and has the potential of transmitting disease. The male mosquito does not fees in plant neither does it spread disease.
The itching caused by a bite is normally caused by the saliva that a mosquito leaves behind.
Here is how to treat mosquito bites:
Studies have shown that some antihistamines can be helpful in treating mosquito bites. Histamine refers to a chemical that the body produces as a part of an inflammatory response following a mosquito bite. This chemical triggers itching, and thus the use of antihistamines can help prevent the effect of histamine from taking place. Antihistamines are available in pill form, while others can be applied topically onto the bites.
The use of concentrated heat pads can be helpful for treating mosquito bites. Use of concentrated heat has been known to help reduce the discomfort caused by insect bites in less than 10 minutes once applied.
Studies have shown that low temperatures prevent the spread of an inflammation. This means you can reduce discomfort, itching and inflammation that occurs on the skin following a mosquito bite. Try not to put the ice directly on your skin as it can burn you. Instead, wrap the ice using a towel cloth before application
Hydrocortisone cream refers to a topical application that helps reduce itching and inflammation. This cream which is available as an over-the-counter or prescription medication may not be suitable for every skin type. Expectant mothers, children, and persons with skin infections should not use this cream unless prescribed by a health professional. The creams should also be used in moderation and only for short periods, or as recommended by your physician.
When to Seek Medical Help
Although mosquito bites improve within a few hours after the bite, the symptoms can last for several days if you have a sensitive skin. The small bite can eventually turn into an itchy sore and broaden in size. It is recommended that one avoids scratching, which can make your skin more vulnerable to bacterial infections.
You can relieve the itch from an infection through:
- Gently washing the area using soap and water
- Use an anti-itch cream or lotion
- Apply an ice pack on the bite
- Use prescribed or an over-the-counter antihistamine
Call your doctor if you experience the following symptoms:
- Shortness of breath
You can easily prevent suffering mosquito bites by staying indoors, wearing of long pants and using insecticides. Draining any stagnant water, and use of screens on windows to keep the mosquitoes out is also recommended. In case the infestation is relentless, getting the help of your local pest exterminator is recommended.
Warm weather months means the return of pesky mosquitoes, which are seemingly determined to interrupt outdoor sporting events, backyard barbecues and quiet evenings on the porch.
Mosquitoes are annoying, but they make for an amazing source of income. Companies and individuals alike profit off the hatred that exists for mosquitoes, selling products that claim to repel or kill mosquitoes with efficiency and ease.
However, it can be hard to tell which of these products work and which ones are merely counterfeit. Shopping for the perfect solution to your mosquito problem can be more of a hassle than you bargained for.
Say goodbye to the annoying buzzing and fever bouts. Mosquito bits are what you need to effectively deal with these sleazy insects.
Just what are Mosquito bits
Mosquito bits will keep you from spraying your whole house with a can of RAID or dealing with adult mosquitoes.
Bits are basically granular-shaped pellets intended to be put, tossed, or thrown into standing water where mosquitoes are likely present. The bits then dissolve over time, and release a chemical that helps control mosquito larvae.
Bits are completely harmless to people, pets, and any form of wildlife that isn’t a mosquito.This safety is due to the main ingredient in mosquito bits; a bacterium known as Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis, otherwise known as B.T.I.
B.T.I. is a popular bacterium for larvicides, with it being used in many states for aerial spraying, water spraying and various other forms of treatment. As of now, it remains one of the best methods of killing larvae, due to its non-toxic nature to people or wildlife.
How Mosquito bits work
All you need to do is toss or sprinkle them in the water and let them dissolve. The active ingredient, B.T.I is deadly for mosquito larvae. As the larvae eat it, it becomes a poison to them and will kill them in a few days.
Because it does not hurt full-grown bugs, the impact on the broader food chain is minimal and deemed safe. As long as the bits remain in contact with the water, they should work
The Bits are intended for a more rapid control of known mosquito larvae populations. They dissolve rapidly and are intended to kill the larvae within 24 hours. The Bits are small, so they don’t have an extended time-release feature.
It should be noted that Bits are intended for larvae. If you need to control populations of adult mosquitoes, it is too late for this product. You’ll will need to find another way, such as a mosquito fog or professional treatment.
Where to Use Mosquito bits
Just like mosquitoes, bits don’t discriminate between any body of water. The only requirement being that the body of water must be seasonal; if the water body doesn’t dry up, it might render the bits ineffective. If you know of a pond or puddle left behind and likely has larvae, bits will work best.
Now you’re fully geared to fight mosquitoes. Shop for Mosquito bits next time you’re in town.
Though moths are attracted to light, they often lay eggs in dark places such as pantries or closets. If you don’t know what signs to look out for, you may not discover you have a moth problem until it is too late.
The most common way to contract a moth infestation is by carrying infected items into the home. Food and clothing items that have larvae or eggs hiding within them can introduce a moth problem when you least expect it.
You may see moths attracted to your outdoor lights at night, but these are not the types of moths usually invade the home. Most moth infestations come from the pantry moth or clothes moths.
Unsealed containers in our pantries are perfect targets for pantry months. These insects can lay eggs where they are most likely to be fed and nurtured, such as in grains and flour.
In our closets, moths feed on natural fabrics like leather, wool, and silk. Their eggs can hatch and survive on these items, using the fibers for food and protection.
When to expect moth eggs
Clothes moths and pantry moths each leave being telltale signs of their habitation. Here are the signs you need to watch for.
- Silky furrows, tunnels, or trenches found on wool clothing and fabrics.
- Irregular holes in clothing.
- Furs that shed excessively.
- Tiny tubes stuck to fabric, which are larvae casings.
- Crusty deposits on rugs, drapes, and clothing.
- Small cream-colored moths appearing in flight or crawling on surfaces.
- Small holes in plastic food bags.
- Eggs or larvae inside food packages.
- Web-like material inside pantry corners.
- Small, drab-colored moths crawling or flying.
Even if you’ve only seen a small pantry moth or two, chances are these moths have laid eggs in your dry goods or have hatched from within them.
Tips to Help get Rid of Moth Larvae
Follow these tips to help reduce moth larvae in your home.
- Change vacuum bags often – to make sure you remove larvae & eggs from your property, emptying your vacuum outside & carefully double bag the content before placing in outside bin.
- Wash all fabrics – soft furnishings, linens, rugs, blankets, curtains & towels in the affected area – moth larvae find these as tasty as clothes.
- Keep clothes clean – female moths like to lay eggs on fabrics stained with sweat or urine as the larvae gain more nutrients from these. Always clean clothes before putting them back in your wardrobe.
- Clean and wash down affected furniture – wardrobes, cupboards and drawers, especially cracks & crevices where moth eggs can be hidden out of sight.
- Clean suitcases – bags, storage boxes & containers as these might be hiding more eggs or larvae.
Plants that eat bugs
Plants are productive creatures without which we would not have oxygen to breathe or get rid of carbon dioxide. Moreover, without plants we would not have the energy we need to survive.
Plants obtain energy from the Sun. We get this energy directly by eating them or indirectly when we consume animals that feed on plants. However, have you ever heard of plants that not only eat bugs, but also small animals?!
No need to wonder; this is reality. Some plants do not obtain enough nutrition from the soil, and hence, opt for hunting insects and small animals. However, this does not make them consumer creatures, for they remain productive through photosynthesis.
Why and How these amazing plants hunt
Most of these plants grow in nitrogen-poor soils by swamps. Nitrogen is an essential element for plants; thus, they make up for these missing nutrients by consuming insects.
Predatory plants have become to be as such due to evolution. Living organisms change, spontaneously evolving to cope with the surrounding environment.
In other words, predatory plants were once regular plants, but they evolved to consume insects and small animals in response to their poor environment.
If you think about it, plants in general have neither muscular nor digestive systems; how then do they hunt and digest their preys? Predatory plants set traps to hunt insects through their attractively colorful, yet very sticky, leaves.
One such species looks dewy, which attracts insects that soon get trapped by these deceivingly sticky drops. Other predatory plants emit distinctive smells that attract insects.
Once the insects are trapped, predatory plants use one of two techniques to catch them. They can change the water pressure in one side of the leaf, making it bend over the other side.
Other plants do the hunting, but wait for other creatures to eat the prey, so that they may then feed on their wastes as prepared meals.
The Most Famous Carnivorous Plants
There are about 600 different species of predatory plants around the world, the most famous of which are:
- The Cape Sundew: A perennial plant that flourishes in humid places in South Africa and consumes insects.
- The Red Dragon: One of the most famous carnivorous plants that also exists in South Africa. It consumes insects and small animals, such as frogs, using its large colorful leaves to attract prey.
- The Venus Flytrap: This species is in the United States, specifically in the State of Carolina, which is rich with swamps. Flies, bees, and spiders are its main food.
Predatory plants face an extremely harsh challenge; how is pollen transferred if its means of transportation becomes the food of plants? How do these plants reproduce?
It has been proven however, that most predatory plants can differentiate between pollen carriers and other insects they consider prey.
Pollen-carrying insects head to the plant flowers rich in pollen, which is usually far from the leaves. Other insects head to the plant leaves and are trapped then eventually eaten.
The term red termite comes from the alates who have wings and fly around during the springtime looking for new nesting grounds to mate and lay their termite larvae eggs.
People often confuse the red termite with the flying ants. Although termites live in colonies as do ants, which will be the only similarity.
Ants are destructive, but termites are devastating. Some interesting things about the red termite, it is just another destructive and destroying regular old termite.
Termites are sometimes called white ants although they belong to a group that the cockroach belongs to and the ant belongs to the group with wasp and bees. There are three groups of termites with many different species in each group, but there is not a species called the red termite.
The term comes from the biological cycle of the termites. The red termite as people say helps with our ecosystem. They feed on dead wood, plant debris, tree stumps, and other matter in the wilderness that needs recycling into humus. This helps to fertilize the ground soil.
Everywhere a colony exists, the soil will be well fertilized. This accounts for why farmers will plant their crops close to underground colonies. Termites attract to cellulose that we find in wood.
This is true for the many buildings with termite infestation that go undetected for years. These pests have the uncanny ability to hide and can go unnoticed, gradually destroying homes and business establishments.
These devastating insects devour up to fifteen pounds of wood a week and if left undetected will destroy a building in no time.
Another interesting thing about the red termite is they will take plaster, plastic, and paper to the nest for construction. They also feed on materials that contain cellulose, which is paper, carpets, clothes, and other things that contain cellulose.
Because nothing you own is safe from the termites, this accounts for the billions of dollars spent yearly to replace termite damage.
On one acre of land, you can find up to fifteen colonies, which broken down comes to four or five colonies around your home alone.
If you have some knowledge about red termites, you can try to protect your home by treating the inside and the outside of your home to prevent infestation.
You need to create a barrier outside around the foundation of your home to block the termites from gaining access to your home.
How can you find out whether your house needs a termite infection? Knock on the wood and see if it is hollow. If you find them becoming hollow then it is a warning sign. If you find winged insects in and around the house that is another danger sign.
Cracked paint and discarded wings only confirm your suspicions. If you identify more than one of these symptoms you better get a termite inspector to inspect the house. When you are buying or selling a house it is mandatory to go through termite inspection.