Common house spiders are not typically the source of anxiety for most home owners who find the little brown or gray creatures in their houses. Not only are they not deadly when it comes to their bite, they can also be great at keeping nuisance insects like flies at bay. In North America alone there are 3,400 species of spiders some house spiders and others not.
The common house spider comprises of a number of species that make up this type of spiders. They include
The long bodied cellar spider
Scientifically known as Pholcus Phalangioides, this spider has a head that looks similar to a human skull. Because of a human looking cephalothorax it is also known as a skull spider. They are typically good guy spiders because they eat insects, centipedes and other pests. Their natural habitat is undisturbed locations of the house with very little to no light like cellars and basements.
The cellar spider has a distant relative known as the daddy long legs spider which looks similar but it is not the same. Perhaps the best thing about a long bodied cellar spider is that it can eat black widows and brown recluse spiders which are woods spider with neocratic venom.
American house spider
Known is scientifically known as the parasteastoda tepidariorum, the American house spider is usually a bland looking grayish brown looking spider which is harmless to humans. They are referred to as cobweb spiders and they hide their webs in closets and other small spaces with human presence. They particularly like to build their webs in between walls in the house.
Their webs look untidy but are very effective in capturing prey. They are usually small to medium sized with a round abdomen.
These are spiders from the clubionidae, Corinnidae and Miturgidae families. They have oval shaped bodies that feature a row of eight bodies. Their characteristic yellowish beige color gives them excellent camouflage to survive in a human habitat. They love the ceiling in the house which is where they will tend to hover most of their lives. Interestingly, they do not build webs so they will run down their prey and attack it.
Sac spiders are not usually harmful to humans but for people with allergic reactions to such bites they could cause a reaction that needs treatment. These spiders are primarily nocturnal.
Jumping spiders belong to the family of spiders known as Salticidae. They hunt during daylight and will jump around on the walls as they move swiftly toward their prey. These spiders have a compact build and will be black, brown or beige or tan in color.
Jumping spiders are generally harmless but if they bite they have the same effect as a bee sting. They are characterized by longer front legs and a hairy stocky body.
Most house spiders are harmless and will only bite in self-defense when they feel threatened. Unfortunately, among common house spiders you may find venomous spiders like the brown recluse which will slip into the house and make a home in your attic or basement. This is why it is important to always clear out your basement and other areas not frequently used. If you dear an infestation of brown recluse spiders call in a professional to get rid of them for you.
The scientific name of the common house spider is parasteastoda tepidariorum. This type of spider has worldwide distribution and the good news is that common spiders are quite harmless. Even when they bite, which they do when they feel threatened, their bites are typically a minor irritation.
Size of a common house spider
A female house spider can measure five to eight millimeters in length while the male is smaller in size measuring four millimeters. The females tend to be bigger because of reproduction purposes.
The common house spiders are usually gray or brown in color. Their legs have black rings and their abdomen is usually dotted with white markings. You will find them having built webs in the dark corners of your house especially in rooms that are not commonly frequented like the attic. But you will also catch a web or two in your bedroom or bathroom.
A common house spider has a specific natural habitat: man-made shelters. They live indoors but that can be anywhere from a house to a barn, shed or the house basement.
These spiders love to crawl and skitter along the walls and floor. They build their webs thicker on one side compared to another and sit on the thicker side to mount an attack on their prey. The web is made from silky strands and you may notice several cob webs in the same corner of the house. This typically occurs with house spiders that have found a source of a lot of food. They can share the space and co-exist together. But just like venomous spiders they will attack each other when competing for limited food supply.
During the breeding season the male and female live on the same web to facilitate mating after which the male dies off leaving the female to lay her eggs. The female will hold the male’s sperm for a while until she is ready to fertilize her eggs.
The female lays eggs several times a year. You can see a sac of the eggs clearly in the summer time and they appear as small brown dots hanging off the web. Each egg is fertilized individually and placed into a sac which can hold up to 400 eggs.
Common house spiders reproduce at a high rate so you may notice their populations growing alarmingly in your house within a few weeks to months.
House spiders go through three phases of growth to reach maturity. They are laid as eggs then they hatch into spiderlings which then mature into adult spiders. They will molt five to ten times before the spider reaches full maturity and at maturity their exoskeleton will be harder for better protection.
The male needs to approach the female carefully or he will be attacked.
Common house spiders are not threatened with extinction. Their populations are healthy and well distributed all over the world. These spiders help keep out insects like flies but when they become too many they become a menace.
The field mouse is also known as a wood mouse. This is a rodent that unlike a rat has a longer nose with a pointed snout and a scaly tail. It also has small rounded ears and in a cartoon character may look very cute and friendly. Because of the character perpetuated by such depictions some people keep mice as pet and even give them to their kids as a pet.
The term field mouse is used generally in the United States to refer to mice found in the fields as well as in the house. These creatures are extremely curious and can be brown, white or black. The white lab mouse is used a lot in research and it is popular for this use because it has very uniform traits that offer uniformity in research findings.
The field mouse will come indoors to look for food and shelter especially from the cold and predators. One of the dangerous quality of field mice it its ability to reproduce at an alarming rate. What may have started out as one mouse looking for shelter can quickly become a rat infestation of epic proportions. These creatures are able to climb and gnaw their way into your space leaving a wake of destruction on your property.
Diseases associated with field mice
- Monkey pox
Mice are creatures of habit so they tend to map out a route that they stick to. It is usually a beeline for food and shelter. Unfortunately, they also leave their droppings on their path which become a disease hazard. Mice will find different ways to get into the house but they always use the same route to the food.
When cleaning out areas with mouse dropping and urine use a pair of gloves to protect your hands. Also, do not ingest food from a contaminated container like a cereal box or an open food container. Even fruits in the cabinet or pantry where the mice have been found should be thrown out.
Pet or foe?
Domestic mice have been kept as pets by a lot of people and they are typically offered as starter pets for children who want a pet. According to pet mice breeders mice are clean and friendly with minimal supervision needed. But since some of the breeds being kept are field mice the conclusion that they can pose a risk of the above diseases. This may happen involuntarily but it can’t be ruled out with certainty.
In case the mouse gets past its enclosure, it can get to the electrical wires and chew at them or gnaw on wood or plastic. Training a mouse is much than training a cat or a dog.
How to get rid of field mice
You can choose to employ the use of traps on your own but we highly recommend calling a professional to smoke the mice out of their nest and ascertain the depth of their infestation. This will give them the correct approach to get rid of the pest and provide you with right advice of how to prevent such a situation in the future. Keep in mind rodents are not friends.
Bed bugs or most commonly known as Cimex Lectularius are small microscopic insects that you cannot see.
They love to live where warm animals rest like humans, dogs or cats. They can cause you to itch, get rashes and give you many sleepless nights. It is best to remove these bed bugs as soon as possible.
Bed bugs have been the great menace in the earlier period of this year. In the mid 20th century, they did not exist greatly. The existence of them actually declined in the previous decades.
But in the recent past, they become a huge threat to people in the country again. In fact, the bugs are good travelers and they can actually travel around the globe easily.
They just need to cling on a garment or luggage and then they can go around. This also explains why they can spread all over the country and even the whole world in a simple way.
They will appear like the tiny brown insects and they look like some brown spots on the furniture. This also explains why those things can be the temporary home of the bugs.
People cannot recognize their existence well. They can be very tiny that they would be able to survive in the crevices and the cracks of furniture. The bedding or pillows can also be a great place for them to hide out.
When people stay in hotels or motels, they have to check the headboards before they go to bed. It is because those places are a famous place for them to hide.
Without checking those places, it would lead to a high chance of infestation of the bed bugs.
A good method to get rid of them is to inspect every bit of the furniture. You have to turn the furniture inside out and then check the woodwork well.
There may be nymphs or eggs sticking to the woodwork and you have to remove them once you find them. Sofa and cushions in your home can also be the spots where the infestation of bed bugs would be serious. You need to check the seams and tufts of them carefully in order to remove the problem.
When you are going to clean the furniture, you can use the cloth soaked with alcohol. These are very useful in killing the bed bugs because alcohol can dehydrate them and kill them effectively.
Of course, you can also use hot water to kill the pests. You can wash the bedding with hot water regularly so that your bedding can stay clean and tidy.
Only a reputable bed bug removal company can assist people to get rid of these insects in their homes.
If you want to make sure that your home is free from the bed bugs, you can hire them to solve the problem for you.
On the other hand, you may also search for online guides from those companies or other experienced guys regarding the removal of them.
Voles are a danger to many gardens, and once they arrive, it is very difficult to figure out how to get rid of voles. They like to snack on carrots and onions and can do a lot of damage to the garden.
They also like the bark of fruit trees and roses. Voles can very quickly take over an area with their prolific reproduction cycles. Since the mole lifespan is only around 16 months, they can reproduce and delivery three to six babies at a time every 21 days.
Below are five tips to help you learn how to get rid of voles in the garden and yard:
- How to know if there voles in my garden?
Good clues to look for are surface tunnels in mulch and golfball-sized holes in the dirt near where damage is occurring.
- When is the best time to get rid of voles?
The best time to meet them is in the cold weather of the late fall and early winter when the animals stand less chance of food and will be scavenging more above ground looking for food.
Voles also make tunnels under the snow cover of winter. You are more likely to see them during snow cover as they go out into more open spaces that they would avoid during the warmer growing seasons.
- What I can install traps for voles?
To trap voles used box-shaped traps. It is very important to note that the voles have a very sensitive nose. This means that all stations must be free of odors.
For example, the new metal of the traps is often has a layer of oil that produces a strong scent. This should be washed with unscented soap, and then rub the metal with dirt.
It takes several traps at the same time to have quick results. Check all traps several times a day and put them back in the same place when you have caught a vole.
As bait, you can use carrots, apples or celery. Remember to handle the bait and trap with gloves so you don’t leave a human scent behind.
- Are there other ways to expel the voles?
Although possible, the use of chemical poisons will not be discussed in this article, as there are other ways to learn how to get rid of voles effectively.
- What are the natural enemies of the vole?
To attract the natural enemies of voles, create shady spaces with lots of wood for weasels.
Do Voles Carry Disease?
Voles are known carriers of two diseases: tularemia, or Francisella tularensis, and Yersinia pestis.
The second one is better known as the plague that once wiped out a third of the European population. This is another excellent reason to not want voles in your yard.
Vole removal can be quite difficult, especially considering how quickly they can infest your yard. Even leaving one can cause the infestation to return in full force within a few months.
Fortunately, there are experts who can professionally remove your vole population. If you notice your yard being destroyed by what seems like voles, contact a professional pest removal company to come and help you out.
They can remove or exterminate your vole population and offer you tips on how to exclude voles from your yard in the future.
A bite from a centipede doesn’t involve the arthropod using its mouthparts to inflict the bite. It usually means the centipede has utilized its clawed point legs situated at the front of its body to puncture your skin. All centipedes bite.
The caliber of venom depends on the size and species of the centipede. The smaller centipedes do not have too much venom to inject into your system so their bites are probably not as painful. But a large enough centipede can release venom into the bite that will cause excruciating pain for a couple of hours and even days.
When the centipede traps your skin between its claws it reflexively squeezes the muscles around the claw which also contain the poison gland. Once the gland is squeezed it releases the toxic venom into the claws ducts and straight into your skin. The modified pair of legs that appear claw like are known as maxillipeds so the bigger they are the more capable they are to piece skin.
The venom produced by centipedes is not fatal to human beings regardless of how large the centipede is. However, the bite is fatal to other insects to which a centipede is a predator. The worst symptoms experienced from a centipede bite include nausea, vomiting and fever.
A centipede’s bite produces a variety of toxins that include serotonin, histamine, and a cardio-depressant known as toxin-S. These will respond to anti-histamines and hydrocortisone creams to soothe the pain, swelling and the localized irritation. Centipede venom can also cause anaphylactic episodes much like the bee and wasp stings.
Where do you find centipede
Centipedes are outdoor creatures although there are some species that can be found indoors. The outdoor species can be found under rocks, tree barks, mulch, stones and other areas that are damp. When these areas are near the house the centipedes will find their way indoors increasing the chances of a bite.
In addition, centipedes being the predators that they are feed on cockroaches and spiders which lure them inside. They are also attracted to the warmth and safe nooks and crannies within the floor boards and drains. Centipede move fast and they can cover 16 inches per second so once they bite you they will run away as fast as they can.
Effective treatment for centipede bites
Once you have bitten you should clean the bitten area with water and soap immediately. Make sure to wash the wound at least twice to get rid of the venom. An anaphylactic shock episode typically occurs after a few minutes of the bite so if you start to notice symptoms put pressure on the bite and head to the emergency room of the nearest hospital.
To continue with the first aid place a hot compress on the bite site to reduce the pain and swelling. You can alternate between a hot and cold compress. Take some over the counter pain medication to alleviate the pain. We recommended using any other medication at the doctor’s direction.
Bed bugs are nocturnal parasites that love to feed on your blood. Their bite can cause rashes and prominent blistering plus redness. Bed bugs get their name from their propensity to live in the host’s bed, whether human or animal. These little bugs can be found virtually everywhere on earth where they can hide from an airport and a hotel and homes, cars and even I public transportation.
You probably didn’t know that bedbugs love to travel and will hitchhike onto your luggage and hop in your car to accompany you to your destination. They need five to ten minutes for a proper feed and while they can feed at night they are also opportunistic feeders and won’t walk away from a meal during the day. The can stay up to ten days without a meal after their last feed. It is during this time that they mate and lay their eggs as they digest their meal.
But you can mistake a few other bugs for bed bugs including
The bat bug
This is a close relative of the bed bug and looks like an exact replica except the former has shorter thoracic hairs compared to the bat bug. Also, bat bugs prefer to feed on bat blood although they will settle for yours and your pet’s blood. In the when deprived of their first preference.
Like bed bugs they are highly secretive and hide in similar places only venturing out when it is feeding time. They can also go for long periods of time without feeding and also don’t live on their hosts but hide in crevices around the bats only feeding on them when they need to.
The book lice
They won’t get in your hair but they can eat you out of house and home. They aren’t parasitic which is good news for most people but the fact that they can damage the structural security of a new construction and even eat away at plaster and wall paper in older homes means they can be pretty destructive.
If you have a book shelf with valued books especially older books like limited editions which can be expensive a book lice is a hazard to look out for. They will eat the books completely leaving them disintegrating. Like bed bugs they can form colonies quickly and expand in numbers.
Fleas are tiny but upon close inspection they have a few similarities with bed bugs including feasting on the blood of humans and animals. They are parasitic in nature and also love to hide in dark areas. They have the rounder lower half of the body just like bedbugs with no discernable neck.
Another similarity is that they are both wingless. Fleas jump around in order to move from one place to another while bedbugs scurry hidden in the seams of the mattress and other sections of the furniture that offer shadow. Because fleas are so tiny they can remain unnoticed even when they are jumping around. Bedbugs have a reddish brown hue which is excellent camouflage because they tend to look like dirt.
The sight of a full grown roach is not only disgusting, but literally makes your skin crawl. To make matters worse some species have the ability to take flight. It is completely understandable for anyone to want to get rid of roaches in their kitchen and other areas of the house.
There are about 3500 species of roaches but the most common ones that frequent our homes are the German and American roach. It is quite shocking to think that in the United States alone, there are more than 50 roach species.
Killing and exterminating roaches for the long haul a near impossible task. To get anywhere near that standard, you will require the right sort of roach killing products that can exterminate the problem while taking human safety into account.
What is the best roach killer?
No one standalone product can successfully exterminate roaches. That is because they reproduce at a rapid pace and their lairs are well hidden and out your reach. For that reason a four prong approach is your best bet of annihilating a colony. That means using several targeted roach killing products to achieve that end. The four prong plans includes the following:
1. Roach traps
This will attract roaches and trap them. Their purpose is not to eliminate the roaches but instead to help you identify the general area they seem to be coming from.
2. Roach bait
Roach bait is treated to attract roaches in the home to eat and take a bite of from it. The ones that do will die eventually and will also transfer some of the killer residue back to their liar and help kill a good portion of the colony.
3 Roach sprays
Residual sprays should be sprayed near the roach baits as they will deter the roaches from making their way to the bait. A sprayed roach will also transport the roach killer residue back to the lair and help distribute the poison in the lair killing off even more roaches.
This can be considered as birth control for roaches as it makes them impotent. The fact they lose their ability to reproduce while still being killed by the other products ensures that their populations in the home will dwindle visibly and eventually disappear for a time.
This four prong approached can be considered to be the best and most effective way of exterminating roaches in the home. The frustration of whacking cockroaches right left and center and killing some with a powerful pesticide is only a palliative measure.
If you want to enjoy and maintain a roach free home, proper hygiene in roach sensitive areas such as the kitchen is imperative. This means emptying and cleaning the trash at night before bed. Ensure that the kitchen counter tops and sinks are clean and free of any leftover food. Top notch hygiene and the four prong approach guarantees that the cockroach nuisance is dealth with.
There are very few people if any at all who can say that they find hornets endearing. That because the only way a hornet is likely to endear itself to you is by a lashing sting so painful, enough to send a grown man screaming and seeking the nearest cover. A Japanese hornet can decimate 40 bees under a minute when it invades their colony. It is one of the worst enemies to any bee colony except the Japanese bee which has learnt to repulse these hornet attacks by creating heat balls from their flapping wings.
What is the Japanese hornet?
There are hornets and then there is the Japanese hornet. While no one would want to mess with any hornets nest, trust us when we tell you that no one in their right mind would even want to get close to the Japanese hornet.
The Japanese hornet is considered a giant because of it imposing size. For context and perspective, let’s consider the range of size in bees. The tiny stingless bee species workers grow less than 2 millimeters or 0.08 inches long while the female Megachilepluto which is considered to be the largest species of leafcutter bees can achieve a length of 39 millimeters or 1.54 inches. The Japanese hornets grow to be about 1.5 inches to 2 inches. The Japanese hornet queens are said to be significantly larger. This may not sound like a huge difference in size to a human being but in the scale of smaller insects, they are basically two to three times the size of different bee species and that is a massive difference. Should one have the misfortune of being stung by a Japanese hornet, your record will reflect that the difference in pain is several notches higher than that of a bee or wasp. It is often compared to being shot by a nail gun.
They deliver more venom per sting and therefore if attacked by a swarm it may be fatal if one fails to get to a hospital in time. Often victims die from anaphylactic shock if medical attention is not administered immediately. In Japan, these hornets are responsible for more deaths in a year than any other animal in Japan. Poisonous snakes kill about 10 people a year while Japan’s hornets kill approximately 40 people a year.
Japanese hornets are often mistaken for their larger cousins known as the Asian giant hornet. But in fact the Japanese hornet is slightly smaller than their counterpart and is a subspecies of the Asian giant hornet. Other than size the other difference is that the Japanese hornet is that is exclusive to Japan whereas the Asian giant hornet is found in far much larger geography across Asia including Nepal, China, Taiwan and Mongolia.
The Japanese hornets are not all doom and gloom as they are known to be beneficial to farmers because of the voracious appetite for bugs and insects around the farm. They are not aggressive unless provoked
Bat bugs are to bats what bed bugs are to humans. They are parasitic bugs that feed on the blood of bats. Here is the thing: the two parasites are close relatives just with difference blood preference. They are from the Cimicadae family of insects and unfortunately, despite their preference for bat blood they have no problem getting into your bed and furniture and biting you.
Bat bugs are predominantly found in places where there have been bat colonies. If that is your chimney or attic you can expect them to migrate to your furniture when there no longer any bats in the vicinity. Since the bat bug doesn’t attach to the bat like a tick they need to live nearby to access the bat during feeding times.They live within the crack and crevices of these areas as long as bats are available.
Difference between bed and bat bugs
These two parasites are very similar in color, shape and characteristics. It is very hard to tell the two apart but upon close inspection you will notice that the bat bug has hairs on the upper thorax that are much longer than those on a bed bug.
Are bat bugs dangerous?
Of course, bats are known to carry rabies and their fecal matter can transmit histoplasmosis to humans and both diseases can be fatal if not treated. But that doesn’t mean that the bats are carriers so or transmitters of these diseases.
When these bat bugs are starved of blood they can resort to feeding on humans. However, they can survive in your furniture or carpeting for as long as a year without feeding. No amount of vacuuming will get rid of them.
In desperate times they will also feed on cat and dog blood.
How to get rid of bat bugs
Bed bugs are more tenacious compared to bat bugs so getting rid of the latter is probably a little easier. However, they are just as secretive and furtive as their cousin and since they don’t feed frequently getting them can become a bit of a task. Professionals know where to go to find them and what to look for and that is why it is advisable to call in pest control experts when you notice bat bugs.
Of course, the best way to get rid of these pests is to never let them in at all. This means that you have to check your space for bats and get rid of them to prevent an infestation of bat bugs.
Symptoms of bat bug bites
Their bites are very similar to bed bug bites. Once they bite the area gets a burning sensation that is quickly followed by a bump that swells and raises a clear center. The bug uses their proboscis to pierce through the skin and suck the blood out into their stomachs. Like bed bugs they are also nocturnal creatures that are most active when you are asleep. They bite the most during the early hours of the morning or during the night. They will hide in the bedframes and under the mattress seams.