Reptiles are “cold blooded” vertebrates that breathe air. The kinds of reptiles often include such creatures as snakes, crocodiles, alligators, lizards, and turtles. They belong to the class of Reptila which has three orders of reptiles in the United States. They are as follows:
Testudines – This is the order of the turtles.
Squamata – The order made up of lizards and snakes.
Ctocodylia – Crocodiles and alligators are in this order.
The skin of the reptile can be scaly, have bony type plates, or even be a combination of both. Reptiles usually have eggs with a soft shell. The turtle does not shed its skin all in one piece like other reptiles, such as the snake. The turtle sheds its skin in pieces because of the turtle shell which is permanently affixed to its back.
The temperature of the environment in which the reptile lives plays a big role in its metabolism and how often reptiles shed. Birds and mammals almost always have the same body temperature. It is not this way for reptiles, and reptiles do not have fur and feathers such as them, as we all know. Reptiles also do not have sweat glands and are known for their slow metabolism.
A lot of people get reptiles and amphibians confused. Frogs, toads, and salamanders, which seem reptilian at times, are actually amphibian. When you glance at a Gecko and a Salamander, they might appear basically the same. A Salamander is an amphibian, and a Gecko is a reptile.
A lot of the reptiles live on land. Certain turtles, snakes, alligators, and crocodiles can live in water, or a combination of water and land. You will not find any crocodiles in Arizona, unless they were released there. There have been cases of people releasing pet alligators in Arizona, usually around waterways, thinking they could survive. It is now illegal to own a pet alligator in Arizona. Arizona is not made for crocodiles and alligators. Alligators usually live in the Gulf States and such places as Florida.
Reptiles live all over the Earth and usually like warm, temperate, and tropical places because they have difficulty regulating their body temperatures. There are no reptiles living in the Antarctica. They are cold blooded. When they want to cool down, which is very seldom, they seek shade. Reptiles have no sweat glands.
Some reptiles like living in the desert, and some love living around your home, and in your environment. Reptiles appear, in most cases, to have the senses that seem to relate with the ones humans have.
Often what dictates where reptiles live, besides the temperature, is the food source. They are usually predators. Where there is food is where they will go. Insects are often a popular attraction for reptiles, especially lizards. Snakes will also go after birds and other small animals such as frogs and rodents. Tortoises, which you see living mainly on land often eat plants. Reptiles live in many places, depending on what kind they are.
Snakes, lizards, and turtles live in Arizona. The most outstanding lizard that lives in Arizona is the Gila Monster, and we have all heard of them, most likely. It is the only poisonous lizard that inhabits the whole United States. Many other kinds of lizards live in Arizona too, but they are not poison. Another fascinating reptile in Arizona is the great Desert Tortoise.
When you think of Arizona and snakes, you might think of the infamous Rattlesnake, which can have dire consequences with its poisonous bite. Arizona has more kinds of rattlesnakes than any other state in America, 13 different species to be exact.
Even though it might not get rid of your problem, it is legal to kill rattlesnakes in Arizona. You must have a hunting license to do so and be much updated as to the law because there can be some restrictions. Research rules and regulations of Arizona when it comes to reptiles, such as it being illegal to own a pet alligator, amongst other things.
Many, unless they are having a problem with rattle snakes invading their territory, do not want these killed and say they are part of the ecosystem. Dealing with the rattle snake can be considered top priority when it comes to pest control and elimination in Arizona. They offer services such as snake removal and rattlesnake control. Many reptiles live in Arizona, but only a few are poisonous, such as the ones mentioned, and the Arizona Coral Snake.
Poisonous snakes, such as the Rattlesnake, are an excellent example of the damage reptiles can inflict on you and members of your household. Snake bites are a major concern when it comes to reptiles. Another threat many are not aware of when dealing with reptiles is infectious diseases. People like to have reptiles for pets such as turtles, lizards, and snakes. Having a very large snake for a pet can also be hazardous.
Crocodiles are popular as pets, but it is illegal to own one in Arizona. Arizona is not suited for them as a habitat. Tortoises are trending in Arizona and easy to obtain as a pet. Schools often have turtles and lizards as classroom pets. There are only two poisonous lizards in the United States, and only one of them lives in Arizona. It is the Gila Monster. These certainly won’t be making an appearance as a classroom pet.
If you seem to be having an invasion all of the sudden with unwanted reptiles around your home and property, including snakes, the best thing to do is seek the advice and services of a reliable pest control company. Reptiles can carry a variety of germs and viruses, rather they are pets or in the wild. They also are prone to passing on parasites and worms. Necessary precaution should be taken in order to prevent damage to your personal well-being and that of your family when it comes to reptiles in your environment.
Most snakes are as afraid of you as you are of them, but there is still the possibility of getting bitten. Fortunately aggressive snakes such as the King Cobra and Black Mamba do not live in Arizona. Your chief concern, when it comes to reptile bites in Arizona, would be that of a Rattlesnake, Arizona Coral Snake, or the bite of a Gila Monster.
The Arizona Coral Snake’s bite is said to be similar to the bite of a cobra, but because of its small size, it does not deliver as much venom. It has a small mouth, and fangs, and is not able to equal the bite of a cobra. The bite of a Arizona Coral Snake is not as dangerous as the bite of a Rattlesnake, overall. A Gila Monster’s bite is excruciatingly painful, but rarely fatal. It is venomous (poisonous). If you get bitten by any of these three, stay calm and send for medical help. Call 911. Do not apply a tourniquet, or attempt to remove and suck out the venom from the wound by cutting it, as was recommended in the olden days. Times have changed and most emergency centers are equipped with the proper anti-venom for the poisonous reptile bites associated with the area.
The Gila Monster is easily identifiable, but on occasion snakes are not. Try to identify the snake you were bitten by, if possible, but do not try to capture it.
Snakes can be a problem if you have them living in and around your house, or in crawl spaces. Many are fairly harmless, while others are not. Many get reptiles for pets in the Arizona area. At times these will get loose and you might need assistance in capturing these from near your house or under the foundation. Even Alligators turn up sometimes in Arizona in the strangest places. They are not commonly residents of this area.
Irresponsible reptile pet owners either let them get away, or turn them loose because they become too much to handle. It is not legal in Arizona to have an alligator for a pet, but this doesn’t seem to deter some. When people let them go they usually do it near water sources, as they are fearful they won’t survive in desert type terrains. They are right about that. Alligators can’t survive in desert conditions.
Snakes are a big problem if you already have them, and you might need a professional pest control company to help you out of your dilemma. Where ever the weather is warm, snakes can be a problem. They usually like to live underground in snake holes, but sometimes whole dens of them can be found or whole nests. There are 13 different species of Rattlesnakes living in Arizona. Some of these Rattlesnakes look for food and water in the Phoenix area, and maybe even in your yard.
If you already have reptiles, and you are seeing an increasing number, do not hesitate to get hold of an expert pest control company, you do not have to go through this alone.
Many try using many different types of things and methods to prevent reptiles from invading their territory. What types of products and practices do they use, and do they work on the Rattlesnake? The Rattlesnake is a definite danger when it comes to reptiles invading our environment.
Toxicants- It is difficult to determine the effectiveness of toxicants on Rattle Snakes because no effective toxicant has been registered for the use as Rattlesnake control. Rodents that were fed to Rattle Snakes whom have consumed toxicants, showed no significance to the Rattle Snake’s demeanor because its digestive system is too slow.
Fumigants – You can kill Rattlesnakes in their dens with fumigants, such as toxic gas, but it could prove difficult to locate their dens. Rattlesnake dens can contain several hundred Rattlesnakes. You could actually use a fumigant with a snake trap for good results. This is very dangerous stuff and usually only done by experts.
Repellents – Snake repellents don’t seem to work on Rattlesnakes, they usually slither right over them.
Rattle Snakes are attracted to rodents, so if you have an invasion of rodents in and around your Arizona home, there is a good possibility of having Rattlesnakes. If you are seeking to prevent Rattlesnakes from invading your environment you should seek the services of a pest control company to first get rid of the rats, mice, and other rodents invading your environment.
Reptiles can be dangerous for your pets, especially if they are venomous, such as the Rattle Snake or Gila Monster. The Gila Monster is the only poisonous lizard in the United States. It strives in the state of Arizona. Snakes like to eat smaller pets on occasion, too.
Some reptiles ARE YOUR PETS and they have their own dangers to share, such as infectious diseases. The same dangers that humans face from reptiles, is the same that your pets face. Reptiles (such as Rattle Snakes) in the wild can bite your pets, and even livestock, if they happen to surprise them.
Crocodiles and alligators can be very harmful to your pets. There are no alligators in Arizona, even as pets, because they are illegal. Reptiles can be surprisingly quick when chasing after prey, for a cold blooded animal. They are quickest when they are warm, so watch out for snakes and lizards that are lying in the sun. They are at their peak. If we had crocodiles and alligators in Arizona, they would be the same way.
Crocodiles and alligators are from Florida and the Gulf States such as Mississippi and Alabama. You will find them in the very Eastern part of Texas, too. If you are traveling in areas away from Arizona, keep a careful eye on your dogs and other pets. Alligators and crocodiles like water, and swampy type areas. They prefer fresh water but are beginning to show up increasingly around black water. Certain reptiles can be very dangerous for your pets.
Reptiles are the most active when they are warm. On the average warm blooded animals move faster than cold blooded ones. Reptiles are cold blooded. When lizards and snakes lay warming themselves in the sun, they can actually move very quickly at this time. Crocodiles, which aren’t in Arizona, except maybe under the controlled environment such as in a zoo exhibit, are the same way. If they go into attack mode when they are warm, they can move quite quickly to capture their prey.
You can look a reptile in the eye and find out if it is most active in the day, or the night. If the reptile has round pupils, it indicates that they are most active in the daytime. If they have slit type pupils, that have a tendency to almost close in the daytime or in bright light, then they are most active at night. Reptiles are supposedly not as smart as birds and most mammals. This might not be all of the way true because they like to play at times. It has been shown to a certain degree, that the larger the reptile, the more intelligent it is.
Fortunately there are no Komodo Dragons in Arizona because they are about 7 to 8 feet long. The really neat thing about them is the fact that they get really active when they play. Komodo Dragons are reptiles. Reptiles can be the most active in the daytime or nighttime, depending upon the kind it is.
Common hiding places for reptiles can vary as to the kind, or species. You can even find reptiles hiding around your house, in compost piles, and crawl spaces. Reptiles like to hide from humans as they are very shy, contrary to popular belief. Even turtles move as fast as they can when a human is in the area, and will hide in its shell as a last resort when trying to get away.
You will often see lizards laying on a rock or other place such as a sidewalk enjoying the warmth of the sun. Children like to try and catch these, but lizards are really quick, and swiftly run into the nearest crack or crevice. Gila Monsters which can be up to 2 feet long are not an attraction for children. They are poisonous, and like hiding in desert type terrain. You will often see snakes enjoying the warmth of the asphalt or cement roadways at night time. They like asphalt the best because it is black and attracts the most stored heat during the day. They will also lay on a rock in the day time as they warm their self in the sun.
Reptiles are cold blooded and can often be caught sunning themselves to raise their body temperature. As soon as a human comes they will quickly flee into the nearest hiding place. When they want to cool down, reptiles will go under logs, boulders, and under your house as common hiding places in the daytime.
The birthing cycle of most reptiles begins with mating of the male and female. The female can actually store sperm for future eggs. Life usually begins as an embryo for reptiles. The eggs of a reptile are amniotic, and this is where the embryo grows. It is similar to a human baby in the womb, whom also grows in amniotic fluid which provides protection and cushioning.
The actual nourishment of the baby reptile inside of the egg comes from the yolk. An exception to this in the world of reptiles is the Armadillo Lizard. They are nourished by a placenta instead of an egg. Garter Snakes give live birth.
Reptiles are ectotherms which mean they are cold-blooded. Being a cold-blooded creature on this earth means you need to depend upon your environment to keep warm and make body heat. Reptiles usually have a seasoned pattern to laying eggs, depending upon their geographical location. They like to lay their eggs near water or in dampened soil. After the reptile hatches from its egg, it becomes a hatchling and then progresses into a juvenile, before becoming a full-fledged adult reptile. The hatchling can take care of itself (within 12 to 48 hours) after hatching from the egg. It usually stays in the broken parts of the egg shell until then. Time spent as a juvenile is different for each kind of species in the birthing cycle of reptiles, such as the Green Iguana who reaches adulthood at 16 months.
It is said that reptiles are descendants of the dinosaurs, when it comes to their history. Reptiles have been around for a long time and most likely originated in the swamps of the Carboniferous Period. That was about 300 million years ago. The Cretaceous-Paleogene Extinction took place approximately 66 million years ago. Certain birds and reptiles from the dinosaur lineage are supposedly reported as surviving this catastrophic event. Reptiles are from the scientific grouping of reptilia which is closely related to sauropsida. Sauropsida contains the birds species. There are four orders of reptilia:
Testudines- “The Time of the Turtles”, and is heavily debated as to their origins.
Crocodilia- Appeared during the “Early Triassic”.
Sphenodontia- Emerged during the “Mid-Triassic”.
Squamata- The most modern order, said to have appeared during the “Early Jurassic”.
The first reptiles were amphibian (they rose from the water), and gradually adapted to the land sources. They evolved from what is known as “reptiliomorth labyrinthodonts”.
Reptiles are basically animals with scales, ectothermic metabolisms, and they lay eggs with a hard shell. You have most likely heard of dinosaur eggs as a sort of novelty.
“Diapsid” reptiles in two classes were the predecessors to dinosaurs, crocodilians, snakes, and lizards. The snakes and lizards came from “lepidosaurs”, and the crocodilians and dinosaurs came from the “archosaurs”. The Diapsid were during the Permian Period and definitely adds to the interesting history of reptiles.
Reptiles are “cold blooded” vertebrates that breathe air. The kinds of reptiles often include such creatures as snakes, crocodiles, alligators, lizards, and turtles. They belong to the class of “Reptila” which has three orders of reptiles in the United States.